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Educ/psych305 quizzes practice third exam

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According to our course content, which of the following best describes a means for teachers to promote creativity in the classroom?

a. Offer opportunities for unevaluated practice
b. Use cross-grade grouping
c. Present problems for which convergent thinking is required to solve
d. Use curriculum compacting as an instructional technique
a. Offer opportunities for unevaluated practice
General fluid intelligence is best described as our _________.
a. potential for learning, resulting from general abilities to reason, think, and learn new things
b. biologically determined capabilities, resulting from our genetics
c. overall pool of knowledge, resulting from formal and informal education
d. ability to apply what we have learned to new contexts
a. potential for learning, resulting from general abilities
Assume that each situation described involves a member of a minority group. Which best illustrates stereotype threat?
a. Ryan is being given an intelligence test by a school psychologist who has unconscious biases, making it more likely that the results will be an underestimate of Ryan's actual ability.
b. Courtney's mother had a low IQ and her grandmother had a low IQ, making it more likely that, due to heredity, Courtney will also have a low IQ.
c. Being told that the test he is about to take is an intelligence test, Lawrence unconsciously recalls that his group is supposed to do poorly on such tests, so now he may perform worse.
d. Kathee doesn't want to be perceived as an "egghead" by her friends, so she deliberately underperforms on her intelligence test.
c. Being told that the test he is about to take is an intelligence test, Lawrence unconsciously recalls that his group is supposed to do poorly on such tests, so now he may perform worse.
Which best describes the relationship between learning disabilities and giftedness?
a. By definition, a student cannot be both learning disabled and gifted at the same time
b. Giftedness may be masked by learning disabilities, making students appear to have average abilities when they do not
c. Students with learning disabilities often have savant characteristics that make them particularly excel in specific areas
d. Students with giftedness often have learning disabilities in highly specific nonacademic domains, such as interpersonal or bodily-kinesthetic abilities
b. Giftedness may be masked by learning disabilities, making students appear to have average abilities when they do not
Which best describes enrichment?
a. Evaluating with a pretest a student's existing knowledge of content for a unit, and only teaching material on the objectives not met by the student
b. Skipping grades, or keeping students with same-age peers for most subjects while providing instruction above grade level in others
c. On skills that the gifted student has mastered, they help tutor their peers during that instructional time
d. Developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills by providing activities to broaden and deepen knowledge beyond the regular curriculum
d. Developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills by providing activities to broaden and deepen knowledge beyond the regular curriculum
Which phrase best describes divergent thinking?
a. Hit the nail on the head
b. Experience is the mother of wisdom
c. Think outside the box
d. Necessity is the mother of invention
c. Think outside the box
Zero tolerance policies have been found to be one of the most effective and efficient methods of reducing prejudice in school communities
True False
False
Which best describes curriculum compacting?
a. Using a pretest to evaluate a student's existing knowledge of content for a unit, and only teaching material on the objectives not met by the student
b. Skipping grades, or keeping students with same-age peers for most subjects while providing instruction above grade level in others
c. On skills that the gifted student has mastered, they help tutor their peers during that instructional time
d. Developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills by providing activities to broaden and deepen knowledge beyond the regular curriculum
a. Using a pretest to evaluate a student's existing knowledge of content for a unit, and only teaching material on the objectives not met by the student
As a teacher, how can you best serve special education students in your general education classroom?
a. Teach using individual constructivist techniques and a lot of independent work
b. Use hands-on learning and have students "overlearn," or continue practicing skills even after they have mastered them
c. Continue teaching as you do for general education students, but have the student stay after for regular one-on-one help from you
d. Request that the student be moved from your class into a special education only class as this would benefit both the special education student and the general education students
b. Use hands-on learning and have students "overlearn," or continue practicing skills even after they have mastered them
The most important characteristic of teachers who are effective at classroom management is that they _____.
a. They are more likely to have taken advanced graduate studies.
b. ignore disruptive behaviors when they occur.
c. have rigid rules and strict consequences for misbehavior.
d. anticipate and prevent potential problems.
d. anticipate and prevent potential problems.
A teacher specifies to the students that they are to sharpen pencils only at the beginning of class and are to record upcoming assignments in their student planners. These are best described as _____.
a. routines b. rules
c. environmental cues d. procedures
d. procedures
Which of Schindler's management styles strives to develop self-directed students?
a. Facilitator b. Conductor c. Enabler d. Dominator
a. Facilitator
Which of Schindler's management styles aims to keep students on task?
a. Facilitator b. Conductor c. Enabler d. Dominator
b. Conductor
After class, as Ms. Taylor is talking with Aaron about his anxiety over tomorrow's test, he talks back in a disrespectful way, saying things such as, "I'm tired of you and your stupid tests—this really sucks!" Which is the most effective thing Ms. Taylor could do next?
a. Instruct Aaron to go to the office, where his parents will be contacted.
b. Ignore it.
c. Calmly tell Aaron, "I'd like to hear what you have to say, as long as you speak to me respectfully."
d. Say with authority, "You'll do this test or you'll earn no points for it, end of discussion."
c. Calmly tell Aaron, "I'd like to hear what you have to say, as long as you speak to me respectfully."
Mr. Farmer is always prepared. He is friendly but courteous, conservative yet personable. Mr. Farmer treats his students fairly and consistently with dignity and respect. According to the text, Mr. Farmer is using which of the following techniques?
a. Proactive management b. Overlapping
c. Behavior modeling d. Principle of least intervention
c. Behavior modeling
The most accurate characteristic of proactive classroom management is that it _____.
a. integrates behavior management with effective instruction.
b. emphasizes collaborative decision making.
c. Focuses on the behavior of individual students.
d. stresses teacher reaction to misbehavior.
a. integrates behavior management with effective instruction.
A teacher sets up her classroom in forward-facing rows during direct instruction and finds herself mostly interacting with students in the front and center rows. The best word to describe this is _____.
a. environmental cue b. behavior settings
c. action zone d. interaction procedure
c. action zone
Teachers with high collective self-efficacy most likely _____.
a. recognize that there are some students who cannot meet expectations, even with support, and focus on more productive and controllable aspects
b. overestimate the extent to which they can impact their students' achievement
c. believe they can positively impact student learning by working together with other teachers
d. work in a democratic manner with students to create a sense of community
c. believe they can positively impact student learning by working together with other teachers
Which situation best describes evaluation?
a. Troy can read 95 words per minute.
b. Callie receives a B in math class.
c. Garret is given a test.
d. Lynda has completed 80% of her spelling words correctly.
b. Callie receives a B in math class
The best example of a diagnostic assessment is when a teacher:
a. asks students to create a product that is authentic.
b. gives a test this week in order to understand what instruction to provide next week.
c. routinely does day-to-day observation of how students perform in class.
d. gives a test in order to evaluate progress and effectiveness of instruction at the end of a unit.
b. gives a test this week in order to understand what instruction to provide next week
Which is the best example of authentic assessment?
a. Ms. Yang observes students doing a worksheet in class.
b. Ms. Sears gives a comprehensive examination that will be used to determine a significant part of a student's grade in the class.
c. Mr. Hopkins assigns his geometry class to help do calculations on a home being constructed at the vocational/technical school.
d. Mr. Yamora uses information from homework submitted to assign students to groups that will be doing a project together.
c. Mr. Hopkins assigns his geometry class to help do calculations on a home being constructed at the vocational/technical school.
Mr. Koong wishes to determine if students in his history class make associations between two things. He would find _____________ most useful.
a. matching exercises b. item analysis
c. multiple-choice exams d. short answer items
a. matching exercises
As one way to increase reliability in scoring essay responses, a teacher compares each submitted response to representative examples of an "A" essay, a "B" essay, and so on. The most accurate term for this is ________.
a. uniformity b. rubric
c. item analysis d. anchor
d. anchor
The ideal test question will most likely have a ________ item difficulty index and a _______ item discrimination index.
a. high; zero b. low; negative
c. proportional; low d. moderate; positive
d. moderate; positive
The main advantage of performance assessment is that is ________.
a. lets students show what they can do as well as what they know.
b. meets federal accountability purposes.
c. leads to more consistent scores than paper and pencil tests.
d. takes less teacher preparation than most other forms of assessment.
a. lets students show what they can do as well as what they know
Which is the best example of a summative use of assessment?
a. A music teacher listens to the percussionist's performance and shows her how to adjust tempo.
b. A shop teacher observes students improperly using the woodworking equipment, and so decides to review safety procedures.
c. An elementary teacher decides from a student's portfolio that the student knows the main characteristics of invertebrates.
d. A preschool teacher observes students having difficulty with sharing and so practices friendship skills with the class.
c. An elementary teacher decides from a student's portfolio that the student knows the main characteristics of invertebrates
Mr. Shelby asks each student in shop class to show how they switch bits on the drill press. The most accurate term to describe this is ______.
a. project b. demonstration
c. oral presentation d. exhibition
b. demonstration
When comparing and contrasting traditional classroom tests (such as multiple choice tests) to performance assessments, _________.
a. traditional assessment are superior for formative and summative purposes
b. performance assessments do not align as well to instructional objectives
c. both must show that they are reliable in order for the score to be meaningful
d. both are equally objective
c. both must show that they are reliable in order for the score to be meaningful
Which most closely resembles a learning objective?
a. This lesson aligns to the lifelong learning standard for all students in the state of California
b. On a worksheet completed during individual seatwork, students will be able to name the three major types of blood vessels and describe their functions
c. The teacher will discuss economic conditions as a factor in the American Civil War and present students with resources on key military figures involved for a self-completed project
d. The theme of "pioneer life" will unfold during the next three weeks, during which lessons on biology, geography, and history will occur
b. On a worksheet completed during individual seatwork, students will be able to name the three major types of blood vessels and describe their functions
In Bloom's taxonomy, when an activity calls for a student to list, label, name, or state, this task reflects ability to _____.
a. conceptualize b. understand
c. remember d. analyze
c. remember
Which of the following statements about direct instruction is FALSE:
a. It uses a high degree of teacher control
b. It minimizes off-task behavior such as teacher-student interactions
c. All students move through the material at the same pace
d. It is a form of situated learning
d. It is a form of situated learning
Ms. Jaegal, a middle school geology teacher, wants her students to actively construct knowledge and develop problem-solving skills. She has her students work in groups to formulate a research question, collect and analyze data, and present the results. Which constructivist teaching method does this scenario best represent?
a. Reciprocal teaching b. Instructional conversations
c. Inquiry learning d. Discovery learning
c. Inquiry learning
Which approach is based on the idea that all students can learn curricular material if given enough time, systematically breaks content down into small manageable tasks, and has individuals repeat the unit until they succeeded in the material?
a. Direct instruction b. Inquiry learning
c. Reciprocal teaching d. Mastery learning
d. Mastery learning
Which of the following represents an effective tracking practice?
a. Avoid having overly high expectations for students in lower tracks
b. Avoid using tracking for hierarchical subjects such as math
c. Assign the more experienced teachers to higher-track courses
d. Teaching should emphasize higher-order thinking, even in lower tracks
d. Teaching should emphasize higher-order thinking, even in lower tracks
A "Think, Pair, Share" activity is what type of instruction?
a. Direct Instruction b. Discovery learning
c. Experiential learning d. Interactive instruction
d. Interactive instruction
A teacher uses focusing questions, prompting questions, modeling, and guided practice to teach a lesson. The teacher is demonstrating:
a. Direct instruction b. Indirect instruction
c. Inquiry learning d. Interactive instruction
a. Direct instruction
Between-class ability grouping is the practice of _____
a. placing students into homogeneous classes based on their level of achievement
b. dividing students in a self-contained classroom into groups that are homogeneous
c. placing students in heterogeneous groups for most instruction, but receiving other instruction such as in math or reading in homogeneous groups
d. placing younger students of varying ages within a classroom based on their current achievement, motivation, and interests
a. placing students into homogeneous classes based on their level of achievement
Ms. Jenkins provides her young students with various unlabeled substances. Without further guidance, she lets them explore the materials and their interactions together, and soon the children begin to understand some important principles of experiments and observation. The method she has probably used is _____.
a. expository teaching b. discovery learning
c. mastery learning d. Inquiry learning
b. discovery learning
In the two-factor theory of intelligence, "g" is our _____.
a. specific abilities, such as vocabulary and mathematical skills
b. common-sense reasoning ability
c. overall knowledge base resulting from formal and informal education
d. overall ability to perform on a variety of cognitive tasks
d. overall ability to perform on a variety of cognitive tasks
Mr. Coltrane tests Antonia's skills before delivering the next math unit so that he will only cover the material for objectives Antonia has not already mastered. Mr. Coltrane is implementing _____.
a. fortification b. enrichment
c. acceleration d. curriculum compacting
d. curriculum compacting
An approach in which ALL students with disabilities are integrated within the general education classroom is most accurately called _____.
a. mainstreaming b. accommodation
c. inclusion d. least restrictive environment
c. inclusion
A teacher sets up her classroom in forward-facing rows during direct instruction and finds herself mostly interacting with students in the front and center rows. The best word to describe this is _____.
a. interaction procedure b. action zone
c. environmental cue d. behavior settings
b. action zone
Linda's classroom is noisy and overcrowded, which keeps students from carrying on productive discussions because they can't hear each other. This aspect of the environment is a(n) _____ influence on student behavior.
a. proactive b. indirect
c. direct d. reactive
c. direct
As one way to increase reliability in scoring essay responses, a teacher compares each submitted response to representative examples of an "A" essay, a "B" essay, and so on. The most accurate term for this is _____.
a. anchor b. item analysis
c. uniformity d. rubric
a. anchor
It is LEAST accurate to say that, as a trend, assessment increasingly _____.
a. is an integral part of instruction
b. incorporates tasks relevant to real life
c. addresses a broad range of abilities and talents
d. incorporates as few forms or types as possible
b. incorporates tasks relevant to real life
In Bloom's taxonomy, when an activity calls for a student to list, label, name, or state, at its highest level the task reflects ability to _____.
a. remember b. conceptualize
c. understand d. analyze
a. remember
Compared to cooperative learning, ability grouping creates an atmosphere that is more _____.
a. structured b. collaborative
c. competitive d. Productive
c. competitive