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Theology Chapter 8,9, & 10
Terms in this set (59)
A blessing of Christ ; "The tranquility of order"
Virtues of Peacemakers
- Faith and Hope to enable us to put our trust in God
- Courage and Compassion to move us to action
- Humility and Kindness to empower us to put others' needs first
- Patience and Perseverance to help us stay the course as we fight for justice
- Civility and Charity to enable us to treat others with respect and love
3 elements that's necessary in a Christian vision of peacemaking
1) The Universal Common Good
2) The Responsibility for the Development of Peace
3) Human Solidarity
3 common causes of war
1) Political : A properly constituted govt. is obliged to protect its citizens and defend human rights but can cave in to power and begin wars
2) Economic : Go to war when means of livelihood are attacked
3) Cultural/Religious : Wars fought to force one's beliefs on other people
What the Bible teaches about peace
- It's a gift from God & a fruit of God's saving activity
- An element of the covenant with God
- Gives us a foretaste of what's in store for all humanity
- JC gave gift of peace and the Holy Spirit
3 levels of spiral violence
1) Institutional Violence : Denies basic human rights
2) Counter-violence : Oppressed groups tries to correct the wrong through violence
3) Repressive Violence : Those in power repeat cycle of violence
Some nonviolent techniques for dealing with conflict
Nonviolence : Combats injustice and resists evil by using peaceful means like dialogue, negotiations, protests, etc.
2 historical examples of how nonviolent actions brought about change
1) Solidarity Movement in Poland in 1980s mobilized Lech Walesa, used strikes, labor meltdowns, prison hunger strikes, boycotts, marches, and power of underground press to topple a communist regime
2) Mohandas Gandhi's nonviolent protest ("truth and firmness") helped lead to India's gaining independence from British colonial rule in 1947
7 conditions that must be present to participate in a just war
1) Just Cause
2) Legitimate Authority
3) Comparative Justice
4) Right Intention
5) Probability of Success
7) Last Resort
3 ways the just-war tradition limits the use of force in a war
1) Immunity of Noncombatants
3) Right Intention
Nations promote peace when they work for the common good of all people ; Promote peace when they work to solve economic and social inequalities through distributive justice
Global Option for the Poor
The world's richest nations especially will make a conscientious effort to promote the development of the poorer nations
What role does a strong international system of justice have to play in world peacemaking?
It will ensure human rights, work for peace within and among nations, & help develop political and economic interdependence that works for the common good
Under what conditions would the Church support "forceful humanitarian intervention" into the internal affairs of another nation?
When the survival of populations or entire ethnic groups are under fatal assaults
4 steps rich nations can take to aid the development of poor nations
1) Improving Foreign Aid
2) Rectifying Trade Relationships
3) Relieving International Debt
4) Ending the Arms Race, Halting Arms Trade, & Banning Land mines
How does the word development equate with peace?
Peace is a fruit of true development ; Steps must be taken to rectify the imbalance between the world's rich and the ever-growing numbers of poor people
Why does work have dignity?
It's a way to realize your dignity and be a positive expression of a person's gifts and talents, but there can also be labor abuse
What are the 2 dimensions of work? Which has priority? Why?
Objective and Subjective ; Subjective has priority because it involves the value of human work, the basis of its dignity, and rests in the person, not the work alone
What does it mean to say that labor has priority over capital?
Capital is the natural resources God has given us and labor has priority over that because it involves people and what they do
According to the American bishops, what is the threefold significance of work?
1) Work is a fundamental means for people to express and to develop themselves as human beings, unique creatures of God
2) It's the ordinary way for is to provide for our material needs. This is especially true for heads of families who just feed, clothe, shelter, and educate their children
3) Work enables people to contribute to the well-being of the larger community
How can the "toil of work" be transformed into spiritual meaning?
It marks our journey on earth and announces our coming of death ; A way to share in God's saving plan for the world by participating in the work for our redemption
What are some things we can learn from Jesus about work?
- Work of salvation came about through suffering and death on a cross
- By enduring the toil of work in union with Christ crucified for us, man in a way collaborates the Son of God for the redemption of humanity
- Shows himself a true disciple of Christ by carrying the cross in his turn every day in the activity that he is called to perform
Pastoral letters by American Bishops on work
Economic Justice of All
Means of work
Written by Pope Leo XIII
T/F : Communism is extreme example socialism
T/F : The toil in work is always evil
T/F : Society has a duty to provide jobs for those who want to work
T/F : According to Catholic teaching, a just wage is defined as a family wage
T/F : Health care is a fundamental human right
T/F : A strike that shuts down a city police force would probably not be permissible under catholic teaching
Patron saint of workers
Extreme ______ teaches the absolute right to private property
___________ has priority over capital
T/F : The OT image of peace is a constant one of a God who never approves of war or violence
T/F : The spiral of violence begins with counter violence
If you want _________, work for justice
What are the principal duties of governments concerning work?
1) Must see that law protect individual freedom and private property
2) Guarantee a stable money supply and efficient public services
3) Provides the security necessary for workers and business owners to earn their livelihood in honest and efficient ways
List and discuss some rights and duties of business owners
1) The Right to Employment
2) Right to a Just Wage
3) The Right to a Safe Workplace
4) The Right of Association
5) The Right to Rest
6) Right to Health Care
What societal duty corresponds to everyone's right to employment?
Government spending, tax, and monetary policies that promote full employment ; Create new jobs
Discuss some factors that go into a just wage
1) The contribution of individuals to the economic effort
2) The economic state of the enterprises within which they work
3) The requirements of each community, especially as regards overall employment
4) What concerns the common good of all people
Why do workers have the right to unionize?
To defend and secure other rights due to them
Explain when a strike might be justified. Give an example of when it would be unjustified
- Justified : When it's a temporary work stoppage by employees to secure higher pay or better working conditions from employers
- Unjustified : To shut down essential services to the community
Why does everyone have the right to health care?
It's a basic human right and is essential to human dignity
Steps to take to choose a career
Pray and determine your interests and abilities
Why is Lech Walesa known as a champion for workers' rights?
- His leadership led to recognition of trade unions and the right to strike
- Led to the birth of solidarity
- Helped to usher in the fall of communism in Europe
Discuss 3 truths that the Bible reveals about God's good creation
1) Creation is good : Every creation that God made reveals His goodness
2) Humans are God's special creatures : Humans are the summit of God's creation because he made us in his image and likeness
3) Sin has led humans to abuse the gift of creation : Pride, selfishness, materialism, etc. have left humanity to rebel against God and act as though God's beautiful creation is ours to do with as we want
What role do humans play in God's creation?
Humans are required to preserve the beauty, diversity, and integrity of nature as well as fostering new productivity
From a biblical point of view, what is the root of our ecological crisis?
A profound disrespect for life ; Sin
What does it mean to be a good steward?
We must wisely use and develop creation for the good of all people ; Must not hoard our gifts
Some facts that prove we have an ecological crisis concerning land, water, air, and species extinction
- Land : Urbanization & Deforestation
- Water : Over 1 billion people lack access to clean water in developing countries ; 80% of diseases in developing countries stem from consumption and exposure to unsafe water, which kills more than 25,000 people each day
- Air : Air pollution causes respiratory diseases, eye irritation, cancer, birth defects, & other ills ; A projected average rise in global temperature by 1 to 3.5 degrees celsius by the year 2100
- Species Extinction : As many as 137 species disappear daily ; Today's rates extinction are at least 10 to 1,000 times greater than natural rates found in fossil record
Over- __________ of the world's limited resources is at the root of the world's ecological crisis
Why are global warming and depletion of the ozone layer especially worrisome?
They have serious health risks, such as cataract-induced cases of blindness and malignant and nonmalignant skin cancers
List 5 things you can do to hep improve the environment
1) Save energy
3) Don't litter
4) Plant a garden
4 principles of Catholic social teaching that help us arrive at a theology of the ecology
1) A God-centered, sacramental world : Visible and tangible signs like the wonders of creation reveal God's presence, therefore, we must respect and protect the environment
2) Respect for life : All of God's creature glorify him so they all require our respect
3) Planetary common good and solidarity : Virtue of solidarity commits us to work for the common good
4) Universal purpose of created things : The goods of Earth are meant for the benefit of all, and we must leave access of each good in order for all to have
We are interdependent with the earth, and, therefore, we must sacrifice for the sake of all creation rather than for just our own interests
Planetary Common Good
An example of how the poor suffer from the assault on the environment
Native peoples die when their forests and grasslands are destroyed
5 human rights as they relate to the environment
1) Right to freedom from pollution and activities that threaten the environment
2) Right to safe and healthy food and water adequate to our well-being
3) Right to be consulted and included in any decisions affecting their environment
4) Right to active and free participation in planning and decision making on the impact of any development that impacts on their environment
5) Right to protection and preservation of the air, soil, water, sea-ice, flora and cause, and the essential processes necessary to maintain biological diversity and ecosystems
Patron saint of ecology
St. Francis of Assisi
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