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Comm 100 Exam 4
Terms in this set (65)
what caused the rise of records
shift from performance to consumption
audio recording as a medium of communication developed b/c...
social and legal responses to technology
T or F:
ownership of recording companies is international
3 largest music recording companies:
1. Universal Music Group
2. SONY Music Entertainment
3. Warner Music Group
*EMI (sold in 2012)
T or F:
Production is concentrated for the recording industry
Production is dispersed
Independent (indie) companies are the ___ largest distributor in the US
T or F:
Distribution is concentrated in the recording industry
The majors all distribute worldwide in the end
T or F:
Younger people purchase more music than older people
___ are more important for radio airplay
Companies and artists make their money by selling ____
T or F:
A single is one song, while an album is a collection
A single can be 1-2 songs!
What was the first year that digital sales beat physical sales?
Recorded music can be in the form of 5 different things:
5. Digital platforms
What are digital platforms?
downloading a digital file to a computer-like device
Digital platforms allow for 2 extra selling opportunities. They are:
Streaming the pre-chosen music that a website makes available is....
Internet radio/online radio
What is the #1 genre worldwide?
Rock music \m/
what is a music label?
a division of a recording firm that releases a certain kind of music to reflect its image
What is an A&R?
artist & repertoire
what do A&R people do?
responsibility of locating & signing new talents for record labels
What 2 companies collect royalties for various uses of recorded music?
ASCAP and BMI
(American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers) (Broadcast Music Inc)
Where do most royalties comes from for music?
What do producers do?
Produces record and handles booking the musician and clearing copyrights
what is a compensating artist?
studio musicians paid hourly & amt earned depends on music format
T or F:
Major labels send their releases directly to retail outlets
What is a wholesaler?
Ppl who work with major companies & independents to move products to various outlets
Radio stations rely on __ companies for products
Record companies rely on radio for __ to make the record sell
What service tracks every song played on radio stations?
Broadcast Date Services
what company records the amount of music sold at retail outlets?
what company tracks airplay and sales of music?
What is the illegal payment of $$ to a Dj for on-air use of a release
T or F:
VEVO brings music to different platforms for SONY & Universal
what promo company helps with making arrangements for a concert?
Most $$$ overall for an artist/company is made through....
how is the exhibition process used for the recording industry?
Digital downloads and physical sales
Largest digital download place is __
What are the 2 most known subscription services for digital music?
Rhapsody & Spotify
Mass merchant outlets (Walmart & Target) account for __% of sales
2 ethical concerns for the recording industry are __ __ and __ __
song lyrics and piracy issues
what is piracy?
illegal duplicating of copyrighted music
How did movies as medium of communication develop?
Social, legal, and organizational responses to technology
Feature films (theatrical films) all begin with ___ ___ & places importance on the __ __ receipts
box office receipts
what is a blockbuster?
films making more than $200 mil with the US box office release
Most films are produced by other companies, but the names of the majors appear on those films anyways. Why?
The majors are also the distributors
Who comes up with the material and personnel to make the movie?
Film production firms
Who finds theaters and other outlets to show the films?
Film distribution firms
What genre is the most profitable for movies globally?
What does a film line producer do during the production phase? (2 things)
making sure they have the right equipment and personnel during the production phase
What is the most crucial part of the production process?
Making a contract deal with a completion bond company
What do completion bond companies do? (for movies)
Insurance firm that guarantees film being made regardless of budget
Major distribution films have 2 jobs:
1. Get film into theaters
2. Market the film effectively
What are the 3 types of releases for films during distribution process?
1. Wide releases
2. Platform releases
3. Exclusive releases
What is a wide release of a film?
When it releases in many theaters at once
What is a platform release of film?
When it releases at one place/small group of theaters and then everywhere else
What is a rough cut for a film?
The beginning stages of the film; need to do title testing and audience preview
T or F:
Most movies make the greatest profit once the movie is out of theaters
Makes the most $$ in the first few weeks
T or F:
Marketing amounts to 1/2 of the film's positive costs
The largest 3% of the movie chains control __% of the screens that the films are shown on
Money from films doesn't only come from theaters. It also comes from __, __ __, and __ sales
TV, home video, and DVD sales
What is a sell-through outlet for film?
Lets customers buy the videos & not just rent them
What does Redbox do for films?
What is Redbox?
Film rentals through vending machines
What is film piracy?
Unauthorized duplication of films for profit
Hollywood critics say that US distributors create __ __ in countries with smaller economics
cultural colonialism (an unequal relationship due to the difference in culture)
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