112 terms

Constitution of 1787

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We the People
What phrase in the US Constitution's preamble refers to the fact that the government gets its powers to govern from its citizens.
popular sovereignty
__________ is the idea that the power to govern ultimately comes from the people being governed.
to form a more perfect union
What phrase in the US Constitution's preamble indicates that the Constitution was meant to create a government that was better than that created by the Articles of Confederation?
ensure domestic tranquility
One of the weaknesses of the government set up by the Articles of Confederation was its inability to effectively respond to uprisings and rebellions. What phrase in the Constitution's preamble indicates that the new government will have the power to put down rebellion?
provide for the common defense
What phrase in the Constitution's preamble indicates that the new central government had the power to raise and maintain an army and a navy?
Rule of law
The idea that everyone must obey the law, including the country's leaders, is known as what?
impeachment
What procedure is used to remove the President (and other high-ranking officials like Federal judges) from office for committing "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors"?
limited government
A government that doesn't have total power, but is restricted in what it can do by a constitution and/or a bill of rights is known as a what?
individual rights
__________ - rights that belong to the people.
Habeas corpus
Basically, __________ ensures that people can not be imprisoned indefinitely without being charged and convicted of a crime.
Federalism
__________ is a form of government in which sovereign power is divided between the national government and the state or provincial governments.
separation of powers
The Constitution created three branches of government so that there was a __________.
checks and balances
Because the Constitution set up three different but equal branches of government, the different branches act as __________ against each other in an attempt to prevent the abuse of power.
preamble
The __________ is the first part of the Constitution.
Legislative branch
What branch of government does Article I describe?
Executive branch
What branch of government does Article II describe?
Judicial branch
What branch of government does Article III describe?
constitution
A __________ is a detailed, written plan for government.
ratify
For the Constitution of 1787 to become the United States' official plan of government, at least nine of the thirteen states had to _________, or vote to approve it.
Constitutional Convention
The __________ met in Philadelphia in May of 1787. They were supposed to revise the Articles of Confederation, but decided to start fresh.
Benjamin Franklin
The oldest delegate at the Constitutional Convention was __________. He was 81 years old.
George Washington
The delegates to the Constitutional Convention chose __________ to preside over the meetings.
James Madison
The most detailed notes taken at the Constitutional Convention were written by __________. He is sometimes called the "Father of the Constitution"
Virginia Plan
The __________ would have based each state's representation in Congress on population.
New Jersey Plan
The __________ called for each state to have the same number of representatives in Congress.
Great Compromise
The __________ settled the conflict over the Virginia and New Jersey plans by creating a bicameral Congress. The Senate followed the New Jersey Plan and the House of Representatives followed the Virginia Plan.
Three-Fifths Compromise
The conflict in the Constitutional Convention over how to count slaves was settled by the __________.
Electoral College
Who elects the President of the United States (POTUS)?
Federalists
The group of people who advocated (fought for) the ratification of the Constitution of 1787 were know as the __________.
Federalist Papers (or just "Federalist")
Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay wrote and published a series of essays, known as the __________, in support of the ratification of the Constitution of 1787.
Anti-Federalists
People who opposed the ratification of the Constitution of 1787 were called __________.
Article IV
Which part of the Constitution explains the relationship between the states and the national government and between the individual states?
Article V
Which part of the Constitution describes the process for amending (changing) the Constitution?
Article VI
In which article does the Constitution declare that the Constitution "shall be the supreme Law of the Land"?
ratified
Article VII outlined how the Constitution was to be __________.
27
There are __________ amendments to the Constitution.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution are collectively known as the __________.
two-thirds
Congress can propose amendments to the Constitution with a __________ vote in both houses.
Three-fourths
__________ of the states must approve proposed constitutional amendments before they are ratified and become part of the Constitution.
implied powers
Many of the actions taken by Congress are not explicitly given to Congress (enumerated) in the Constitution. These powers are usually based on either the "necessary and proper" clause or the commerce clause. These are usually refered to as __________.
rule of law
The __________ is the principle that the law applies to everyone, including the rulers!
separation of powers
Montesquieu proposed the __________ in any government into legislative, executive and judicial branches. This would keep any one branch of government from amassing too much power.
checks and balances
The phrase "__________" is the idea that each branch of government serves as a limit to the powers of the other branches.
enumerated
The __________ powers of the federal (or national) government are the powers specifically listed in the Constitution.
reserved
Powers that the Constitution set aside for the states are called __________ powers.
concurrent
Powers exercised by both the federal and state governments are called __________ powers.
supremacy
The __________ clause in the Constitution declares that "This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land".
Nine (9)
For the Constitution of 1787 to become the United States' official plan of government, at least __________ of the thirteen states had to ratify it (vote to approve it).
two-thirds (2/3)
Congress can override a President's veto with a __________ vote in both houses.
35 (thirty-five)
What is the minimum age a person must be by inauguration day to be eligible to run for President of the United States?
30
What is the minimum age a person must be by inauguration day to be eligible to run for the United States Senate?
25
What is the minimum age a person must be by inauguration day to be eligible to run for the United States House of Representatives?
Marbury v. Madison
__________ - U.S. Supreme Court case that established judicial review (civics360.org).
judicial review
__________ - the power of the judicial branch to review the actions of the executive and legislative branches and determine whether or not they are unconstitutional (this includes laws passed by Congress); the U.S. Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison established this power (civics360.org).
state legislatures
There are two ways to officially propose amendments to the US Constitution. The first is a two-thirds vote in Congress proposing the amendment. All 27 amendments were proposed this way. The other way (to this point, never used) is that two-thirds of __________ could vote to hold a constitutional convention. In both cases, three-fourths of the states must ratify any proposed amendments before they are added to the Constitution.
legislative
Which branch of the government makes the law?
executive
Which branch of the government enforces the law?
judicial
Which branch of the government interprets the law?
House of Representatives and the Senate
What are the two "houses" of Congress?
2 years
What is the term of office for a member of the US House of Representatives?
Bicameral Legislature
__________ - law making body with two chambers, or "houses".
Term
__________ - word for the length of time elected officials are elected for.
29
How many electoral votes does Florida currently have?
Legislative, executive and judicial
Name the three branches of the Federal government.
270
How many electoral votes does it currently take to win a majority in the Electoral College?
Speaker of the House
The highest ranking official in the House of Representatives is the __________.
Vice President
The __________ is the official constitutionally responsible for presiding over the Senate.
Vice President
The __________ can only vote in the Senate to break ties.
27
How many congressional districts are in Florida?
27
How many members of the US House of Representatives represent districts in Florida?
Federal court system
What is the judicial branch of the Federal government?
Congress
What is the Legislative branch of the Federal government?
District Court, Appellate Court, and Supreme Court
What are the three levels of the Federal court system from lowest to highest?
Executive
The President of the United States runs which branch of the Federal government?
22nd
Which Constitutional Amendment limits Presidents to no more than ten years in office?
10
Since 1951, the maximum number of years anyone may serve as President of the United States is __________.
20th
Which Constitutional Amendment moved the inauguration date for the President to January 20th?
simple majority
What vote is required in the House of Representatives to pass articles of impeachment?
two-thirds
During impeachment proceedings, what vote is required in the Senate to convict?
Philadelphia
In what city was the current US Constitution written?
19th
Which amendment grant women the right to vote nationwide?
435
The House of Representatives has how many members?
100
The Senate has how many members?
6 years
What is the term of office for a US Senator?
4 years
What is the term of office for the US President?
population
The number of congressional districts a state has (the number of representatives in the House) is based on that state's __________.
2
How many US Senators does each state have?
elastic clause
"The Congress shall have Power ... To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof." This "necessary and proper clause" is also known as the __________. This is because Congress has "stretched" its words (and some would argue its original meaning) to give itself the ability to make laws far beyond the enumerated powers.
treason
To be convicted of __________, the US Constitution states (Article III. Section 3) that "No person shall be convicted . . . unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court."
Treason
__________ against the United States, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort.
Vice President
Prior to the ratification of the 25th Amendment, when the __________ died in office, nobody held the office until the next election.
7
According to the US Constitution (Article I, Section 2), no person is eligible to serve as a Representative without being a citizen for at least __________ years.
state
According to the US Constitution (Article I, Section 2), members of the House of Representatives must reside in the __________ they represent.
congressional district
According to the US Constitution (Article I, Section 2), members of the House of Representatives are not required to reside in the __________ they represent.
9
According to the US Constitution (Article I, Section 3), no person is eligible to serve as a Senator without being a citizen for at least __________ years.
natural born
To serve as President of the United States, a person must be a __________ citizen.
14
To serve as President of the United States, a person must have resided in the United States for a minimum of __________ years.
1808
Under the US Constitution (Article I, Section 9), Congress was not allowed to ban the importation of slaves prior to what year?
Vice President of the United States
According to the US Constitution (Article I, Section 3), who serves as the "President of the Senate" though he (or she) can only vote to break ties?
two-thirds
Treaties negotiated by the President require a __________ vote of the Senate for ratification.
religious
The US Constitution bans all __________ tests for office holders. In other words, it is unconstitutional for _________ belief or non-belief to be a qualification for any political office in the United States.
House of Representatives
If no candidate wins a majority of the Electoral College, then the __________ chooses the next President from among the top three electoral vote winners.
Senate
If no candidate wins a majority of the Electoral College, then the __________ chooses the next Vice President from among the top two electoral vote winners.
Congress
__________ has the power to admit new states to the union. Hawaii was the last state to join the United States (April 21, 1959).
electors
The number of __________ a state has is equal to the number of its Representatives plus Senators.
538
There are a total of __________ electors. 435 are from the number of Representatives, 100 from the number of Senators and 3 from the District of Columbia (23rd Amendment).
2
One-third of US Senators stand for re-election every __________ years.
7
The US Constitution has __________ articles.
habeas corpus
An order requiring that evidence be presented to a court to justify someone's imprisonment is known as a writ of __________.
census
In order to reapportion House seats and ensure more equal representation in the House, the US holds a __________ every ten years.
10
The United States holds a census every __________ years in order to count and survey the people in this country and reapportion House seats to ensure somewhat equal representation in Congress.
Supremacy Clause
The clause in the Constitution that declares that the Constitution "shall be the supreme Law of the Land" is called the __________.