Upgrade to remove ads
AP World History Unit 1-2 Part 4
Terms in this set (29)
Cyrus the Great
definition- king of Persia, united the persian empire (circa 600-529 BC)
significance- founder of the Persian empire
definition- Culture derived from the Greek civilization that flourished between 800 and 400 B.C.E.
significance- Greek culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world
definition- Greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian and Indian ideas, as a result of Alexander the Great's Empire.
significance- spread Greek influence
definition- city-state form of government typical of Greek political organization from 800 to 400 B.C.E.
significance- power centralized with local city government
definition- Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical discussion to ethics and human behavior.
significance- taught Plato and developed what is now called the socratic method of teaching
definition- citizens have a direct vote on laws and how the government operates
significance- used in ancient greece
definition- Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy
significance- promoted democracy
definition- A series of wars between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire (5th century B.C.).
significance- Greek victory led into Greeces golden age
definition- war from 431 to 404 B.C.E. between Athens and Sparta for domination in Greece
significance- Spartans won but failed to achieve political unification in Greece
definition- kingdom of northern Greece
definition- ruled Macedon from 359 to 336 B.C.E
significance- founder of centralized kingdom; conquered Greece
Alexander the Great
definition- son and successor of Philip II; conquered Persian empire and advanced to borders of India
significance- attempted to combine Greek and Persian culture.
definition- Greek philosopher; taught that knowledge was based upon observation of phenomena in material world
significance- teacher of Alexander
definition-The period from 507 to 31 B.C.E., during which Rome was largely governed by the aristocratic Roman Senate.
significance- citizens voted representatives into power
definition-An empire established by Augustus in 27 BC and divided in AD 395 .
significance- at its peak lands in Europe and Africa and Asia were ruled by ancient Rome.
definition- the wealthy class in Roman society; landowners
definition- ordinary roman citizens
definition-two chief executives of the Roman republic
significance- there where two unless there was an emergency and one could be chosen as dictator
definition- plebeian officials elected annually during the Roman republic
definition-general responsible for the conquest of Gaul; brought army back to Rome and overthrew republic
significance- assassinated in 44 B.C.E. by conservative senators
Octavian (Augustus Caesar)
definition- later took name of Augustus; Julius Caesar's grandnephew and adopted son; defeated conservative senators after Caesar's assassination
significance- became first Roman emperor.
definition- Roman emperor of 284 C.E. Attempted to deal with fall of Roman Empire by splitting the empire into two regions run by co-emperors
significance- Split Rome into two parts
definition-Roman emperor (r. 312-337). After reuniting the Roman Empire, he moved the capital to Constantinople
significance- made Christianity a favored religion.
definition-In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats.
significance- elected representatives
definition-Persian religion founded by Zoroaster; taught that humans had the freedom to choose between right and wrong
significance- human freedom of choice
definition-Religion emerging from Middle East in the first century C.E. holding Jesus to be the son of God who sacrificed himself on behalf of mankind
significance- monotheistic exstention of Jeudism
definition-An African state that developed along the upper reaches of the Nile c. 100 B.C.E
significance- conquered Egypt and ruled it for several centuries.
definition-a religion based in Japan, marked by worship of nature and reverence for ancestors
definition-form of Christianity that took hold in Egypt and Ethiopia 1500 years ago
significance- differed with other Christian beliefs about Jesus's humanity
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP World History
AP World History Chapter 10
AP World History First Semester
AP World History-Rome
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Western Civilization IDs
AP World History Chapter 10 Vocabulary
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP World History Final Review
AP World History Unit V Chapter 26
AP World History Unit V Chapter 25
AP World History Unit V Chapter 24
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Chains Chp. XII-XXII Vocabulary
Final Cut Pro quiz
As Am 71/ Rg St 71 Asian American Religion Midterm…
NURS B202- Infection Control and Prevention