8th Grade Literary and Vocabulary Terms
Terms in this set (176)
the repetition of initial sounds, as in "scorching summer sensations."
reference to a well-known person, place, thing, idea, event, etc.
a comparison of two or more similar objects, suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects, they will probably be alike in other ways as well
a character who opposes the main character
a published collection of works or parts of works by an author or several authors
the repetition of vowel sounds
a narrative passed on in the oral tradition
a poet, Shakespeare is sometimes referred to as the Bard
a list of written sources of information
method the author uses to acquaint readers with characters
learn about characters through what they say, what others say about them, and what they do
directly told through exposition
the most important figure in a literary work.
the "support cast" for the most important figure in a literary work.
a figure in a story that undergoes important changes as a plot unfolds.
a figure in a story who remains the same no matter what.
an overused, predictable, and therefore uninteresting expression or idea
The point of greatest interest in a story or play.
of speech and informal writing, conversational
the struggle between opposing forces.
meaning suggested by a word beyond its definition, what a reader believes the word means
repetition, at close intervals, of final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
a rhymed pair of lines
a dictionary definition
a major subdivision of a language
conversation carried on by the characters in a literary work
usually a lyric poem on death or some other somber subject.
a long narrative poem recounting the exploits of larger-than-life character in important and heroic acts
use of a less direct, less offensive word or phrase
a short, simple story that teaches a lesson. It usually includes animals that talk and act like people
literature based on a highly humorous and highly improbable plot
writing from a writer's imagination. It can be inspired by actual events or completely made up.
using figures of speech to heighten meaning i.e. metaphor, simile, personification
interruption in the narrative to show an episode from the past
someone who serves as a contrast or challenge to another character
the customs, legends, songs, and stories of a people or nation once handed down in the oral tradition
a hint to the reader of what is to come
a form or type of literature: novel, short story, poem, play, etc.
a quality that provokes laughter or amusement.
an extreme exaggeration
in language, a customary expression, "She has rats in her hair."
the sensory details that relate to the senses and create pictures in our minds
calling upon a divine power for aid. Many poems begin with an invocation asking for inspiration
a contrast between what appears to be and what really is.
language of a trade or profession
a form of autobiographical writing in which a writer shares his or her own personal experiences and observations of significant events or people.
an implied comparison, "A green plant is a machine that runs on solar energy"
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem.
in drama, an extended speech by one person alone, with or without an audience
the emotions the literature makes the reader feel
a lesson that a story teaches.
a traditional story connected with religion of a people usually explaining something in nature
writing about real people, places, things, and events. Essays, news stories, speeches, etc.
a long work of fiction.
a lyric poem usually composed in complex stanza form and generally intended to praise or commemorate
words that sound like the thing being spoken about, Boom, Crack, Sizzle, Screech
a brief fictional work that teaches a lesson
statement that seems contrasting to common sense yet may be true: "Coach said it was a good loss."
a form of literature intended to mock a particular literary work or its style, a comic effect is intended
giving human qualities to non-living objects
LITERARY THEFT, when a writer duplicates another writer's work without giving proper credit
the officially recognized or chief poet of a nation
terms used to describe features of a poem
a kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination. _____ is usually arranged in lines, often has a regular pattern of rhythm, and has a regular rhyme scheme.
Point of View
the relationship between the teller of the story and the characters in it.
literary writing not marked by rhyme or meter
a play on words; a humorous way to use a word
repeating a word or phrase to stress its importance, especially in poetry
the art of persuasion by speech or writing
pattern of rhyme in a stanza
the rhyming of words at the ends of lines of poetry
a rhyme that happens inside a line of poetry ("use a log to hit a hog")
the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables
the stage of the plot that develops the conflict, or struggle.
a literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing the way things are.
a work of fiction that centers on a single idea and can be read in one sitting.
a comparison using like or as, "She stood in front of the altar, shaking like a freshly caught trout."
in drama, a speech in which character does not address others, but rather speaks aloud to himself
a type of short poem, usually 14 lines, popular in English since the Renaissance
the person talking in a poem, not always the poet
a group of two or more lines that form a unit in a poem.
the lines follow each other without formal grouping, the only breaks being dictated by units of meaning, as paragraphs are in prose.
poet writes in a series of stanzas; repeated units having the same number of lines, usually the same meter, and often an identical rhyme scheme
traditional pattern that applies to a whole poem (i.e. haiku in Japan, and sestinas in France) In English poetry only two fixed forms have really taken hold: Limerick, Sonnet
made to look like the topic which it addresses (i.e. mountain, swimming laps)
a manner of expression characteristic of the author
something concrete that represents something else
a humorously exaggerated story about impossible events, often involving the supernatural abilities of the main character.
the main idea of a piece of literature as it applies to human beings in general, not the plot
the author's attitude toward the subject matter
literature in which the character suffers disaster after a serious struggle but faces his or her downfall with heroic stature
a group of three related works
a technique of creating emphasis by saying less than is actually or literally true.
the native language of any particular place
a unique use of language that allows a reader to "hear" a human personality in a writer's work.
written or verbal sketch of a brief scene or incident
verb: to clasp or hold tightly
noun: a person with an exceptional talent
adjective: likely to
noun: a close friend
verb: to stoop with bent knees
adjective: sharp or keen
verb: to think of
verb: to disturb or annoy
adverb: cautiously; secretly
noun: shameless daring or boldness
adverb: with intense emotion
adjective: false or deceptive
noun: a carefree or spirited adventure
noun: a place where two roads meet
adjective: suggesting or threatening evil
noun: a guarantee or pledge
noun: tedious sameness
adjective: partially open
adverb: uncertainly or hesitantly
noun: nervous trembling
verb: to begin
verb: to signal to come
adjective: roughened, as from age or work
noun: the name of a personality test that uses inkblot designs
noun: a state of great interest and excitement
adjective: able to be seen, touched, or understood
noun: a focus on a particular area of study
adjective: ridiculously unreasonable
verb: to prove as false
verb: to weaken or damage
adjective: having a constant relation in degree or number
noun: a facial expression of pain or disgust
noun: a power that is thought to determine the course of events
noun: a disposition to believe too readily
noun: something, such as money, received in payment
noun: acceptance of something that is inescapable
verb: to make unhappy
noun: a sense of impeding misfortune
verb: to make strong
noun: wild uproar or noise
noun: sorrow or regret
adjective: obvious or bold
verb: to talk at length or aimlessly
noun: the leader of a work crew
verb: to reach about with uncertainty
verb: to bend forward or down from the waist or middle of the back
noun: one who agrees to provide services for a specific price
adjective: very angry
adjective: weak or faint
noun: an unpleasant situation from which it is difficult to free oneself.
noun: information that supports a certain cause
noun: the condition of not having one's needs met; a lack of
adjective: barren; lacking vitality
verb: to lose strength and vitality
noun: one that has the same functions and traits as another
adjective: foreign; unusual; exciting
verb: to use for selfish purposes
noun: an unsuitable or inappropriate act or quality
adverb: enough to satisfy a requirement or meet a need
verb: to remove from consideration by defeating
verb: to completely destroy or defeat
noun: hostile or destructive behavior or action
verb: to prohibit
noun: a strong belief
adjective: insulting or arrogant
verb: to hold oneself back; to stop
verb: to become smaller or less
noun: the act of opposing or resisting
noun: resistance to motion, action, or change
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