Period 4 Questions To Know APUSH TEST
Terms in this set (15)
What issues did the political parties debate over in the early 1800s? (Federalists and Democratic-Republicans)
Tariffs, power of the federal government, relations with European powers (France and England)
What did Supreme Court decisions determine in the early 1800s? (Under John Marshall)
The primacy of the judiciary in determining the meaning of the Constitution (think judicial review)) and giving federal laws power over state governments (think Gibbons v. Ogden and McCulloch v. Maryland)
What did Whigs and Democrats disagree over?
Role and powers of the federal government, National Bank, tariffs, federally funded internal improvements (Think Henry Clay's American System)
What helped decide a politicians beliefs/stance on slavery and economic policy?
The region they lived it. Regional interests often trumped national concerns.
What was the impact of the Second Great Awakening?
Moral and social reforms (think abolitionism, women's rights, temperance, etc.)
How did enslaved and free blacks seek to change their status?
Joined political efforts and they employed strategies to protect their dignity and family structures.
What was the Seneca Falls Convention?
Women's Rights convention that sought greater equality (attended by men too such as Frederick Douglass)
What were new innovations during the Market Revolution?
Textile machinery (spinning jenny), steam engines, interchangeable parts (Eli Whitney), telegraph, and agricultural inventions (cotton gin - Whitney again)
What regions were closely linked as a result of the Market Revolution?
North and Midwest (most of the internal improvements occurred there too)
How did the production of goods change during the Market Revolution?
Goods were increasingly made outside the home. Women and men began working in factories.
Where did international immigrants settle during this time? (Think Old Immigration - Germany and Ireland)
Irish settled in northern cities, Germans settled on the frontier - worked as farmers (CINCINNATI!)
What was the American System?
Henry Clay!'s plan to unify the American economy. Focused on a 2nd BUS, Internal Improvements, and Tariffs. The north and midwest benefitted more than the south.
What was the Monroe Doctrine?
President Monroe's message to Europe to NOT colonize any new land in Latin America. The US would stay out of European affairs.
Why did slavery expand west of the Appalachian Mountains?
Cotton depleted land (like tobacco did earlier) and was very profitable -> desire for more land.
What was the Missouri Compromise?
3 parts: Maine was a free state, Missouri was a slave state, everything above 3630 latitude line would be free, everything below would be slave. This applied to ONLY the Louisiana Purchase. Later overturned by the Kansas-Nebraska Act (possible synthesis point).