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Theories and Techniques of Counseling Final
Terms in this set (33)
where a person receives two contradictory messages at the same time and is unable to follow both. i.e. "Always stand up for your rights" and "never question my authority"
holds that people can do something about their fate if they consider themselves and their environment realistically. The "straight-forward, action-oriented, pragmatic approach to counseling that is relatively uncomplicated and easy to understand.
the idea that tenets are related through a series of interacting feedback loops. When viewing a family through this lens, dysfunction is shifted away from an individual and put on the total family unit itself.
The founder of reality therapy.
this assumes we are largely responsible for our own actions, and that we have the power to determine our destiny.
therapeutic emphasis on the system. Identifies three entities to be considered in every relationship: two persons, one couple.
the founder of person-centered therapy
followed Ludwig Binswanger in founding existential therapy
contends that we are what we are and what we do reflects our subjective experience of the world and ourselves.
developed a form of existential philosophy, developed stages of human development: Aesthetic stage, Ethical stage, and Religious stage.
developed the concepts of Gestalt therapy.
developed by Alfred Adler, individuals are victims of neither their genetic endowment nor their social conditioning. Rather they are responsible for themselves and learn to respond in adaptive, creative ways to their surroundings.
Ego States (TA)
The parent, the adult and the child
Glasser: Total Behavior
all human behaviors are composed of doing (acting), thinking, feeling, and physiology.
Main goal of TA
to help clients achieve autonomy, which means assuming responsibility for one's own actions or feelings, taking control of one's life, planning and directing one's own destiny, and throwing off any perceptions that are inappropriate for living here and now. In other words, this helps to free one's Adult from the influence of the Parent or Child.
Main goal of person-centered therapy
strives to create an environment safe enough to eliminate the need for facades created by habitual modes of impressing others, lying to ourselves, and distorting our perceptions.
Main goal of behavior therapy
to extinguish the clients maladaptive behavior and to introduce or strengthen adaptive behavior that can serve as a replacement and enable him or her to live a productive happy life.
Parrott: The 5 therapeutic goals of counseling
1. develop an expectancy of change, 2. reducing emotional discomfort, 3. Fostering insight, 4. Encouraging catharsis, 5. Providing new information.
"drawn from many sources"
Dobbins: The two fold mission of the church
Reach the lost, heal the saved.
therapy based on the theory of perception that believes the whole person is psychologically greater than the sum of it's parts.
Glasser: The five basic needs
1. to be loved and connected to others, 2. To achieve a sense of competence and personal power, 3. To act with a degree of freedom and independence, 4. To experience joy and fun, and 5. To survive.
The components of a treatment plan
the presenting problem, diagnostic impression, short-term goals, long-term goals, and recommended treatment.
Ellis' A-B-C format
A- activating event, B- beliefs they hold about the event, and C- consequence, or emotional or behavioral condition that is disturbing them.
the founder of the structural school of family counseling.
Behavior therapy: factors that shape maladaptive behavior
Insufficient reinforcement, reinforcement for maladaptive (bad) behavior,
The therapeutic triad
accurate empathetic understanding, congruence, and unconditional positive regard.
Games in TA
recurring of set transactions, often repetitive, superficially rational, with a concealed motivation or more colloquially, a series of transactions with a gimmick.
Albert Ellis created what brand of psychology?
involves relabeling problems by viewing them in a more positive light.
Parent ego state
mindset filled with values, injunctions, shoulds, oughts, and behaviors the individual has internalized from significant others during childhood. Either nurturing or critical.
Adult ego state
the computer-like processor of information from both the other two ego states as well as the external world. Acts to regulate the parent and child ego states. Does not deal with feelings but facts.
Child ego state
about the fun loving part of most individuals that is alternatively inquisitive, affectionate, selfish, mean, playful, whiny and manipulative. Usually emerges in response to a parent ego state. Functions in the adapted child and the natural child.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Theories and Techniques of counseling
Exam 1 - Psychoanalytics
Exam 2: Analytical Psychotherapy - Jungian
Exam 2 - Adlerian Therapy
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