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20 terms

Macromolecules

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Monosaccharides
Macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms in the ratio of 1:2:1
Polysaccharides
Carbohydrates that are made by linking individual sugars together to form long chains
Starch
polysaccharide that stores glucose in plants
Glycogen
polysaccharide form in which animals store glucose on their bodies
Cellulose
polysaccharide that provides structural support for plants
Lipids
organic molecules that do not dissolve in water
Saturated Fats
lipids that contain the maximum number of carbon hydrogen bonds possible
Unsaturated Fats
lipid that has carbon carbon double bonds at various points
Steroid
many hormones are this type of lipid
Proteins
your hair & muscles are made of these macromolecules
Collagen
fibrous protein that forms at the matrix of your skin, ligaments, tendons, and bones
Enzymes
protein that increases the rate of the chemical reaction without being destroyed itself
Amino Acids
humans use 20 different kinds of these building blocks of proteins
Polypeptides
long chains of amino acids
Nucleic Acids
macromolecules made up of long chains of small repeating subunits called nucleotides
Nucleotides
five carbon sugar with a phosphate group attached to one side of the sugar ring and an organic base attached to the other side
DNA
the nucleic acid that stores hereditary information
RNA
ribonucleic acid
Glucose
energy molecule, whose energy can be used immediately by the cell without a series of chemical reactions
Hormones
lipids or proteins that effect a change in other cell activities