Keystone Exams Literature Terms

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Terms in this set (47)
A form of extended metaphor in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative are equated with meanings that lie outside the narrative itself. The underlying meaning may have moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract ideas such as charity, greed, or envy.l
Defense of a ClaimSupport provided to mark an assertion as reasonableDialecta variety of speech characterized by its own particular grammar or pronunciation, often associated with a particular geographical regionDictionthe author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaningExplicitclearly and openly stated in the actual textExpositionA narrative device; The introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.GeneralizationA conclusion drawn from specific information that is used to make a broad statement about a topic or personImagerya word or group of words in a literary work which appeal to one or more of the senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing, and smellImplicitTo say or write something that suggests and implies but never says it directly or clearly.InferenceA judgement based on reasoning rather than on a direct or explicit statement. A conclusion based on facts or circumstances; understanding gained by "reading between he lines"InterpretTo give reasons through an explanation to convey and represent the meaning or understanding of textLiterary MovementA trend or pattern of shared beliefs or practices that mark an approach to literature (ex Realism, Naturalism, Romanticism.)Monologuean extended speech given by one speaker, either to others or as if aloneMoodThe prevailing emotions or atmosphere of a work derived from literary devices such as dialogue and literary elements such as setting. The mood of a work is not always what might be expected based on its subject matterMotifA recurring theme, subject or idea in literary workNarrativea story or account of events, experiences, or the like, whether true or fictitious, expressed orally or in textOpinionA personal view, attitude, or appraisalPoint of Viewthe position of the narrator in relation to the story, as indicated by the narrator's outlook from which the events are depicted (ex 1st, 2nd, 3rd person) and by the attitude toward the characters.It may also make use of the effects or regular rhythm on the ear and may make a strong appeal to the senses through the use of imageryPrefixa group of letters placed at the beginning of a word to alter its meaningSatirea literary work that ridicules or examines human vice or weakness.SoliloquyA dramatic speech, revealing inner thoughts and feelings, spoken aloud by character alone on stageStyleThe author's choices regarding language, sentence structure, voice, and tone in order to communicate with the readerSuffixa group of letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning or change it into a different kind of word, from an adj. to an adv, etcThemeA topic of discussion or work, a major idea broad enough to cover the entire scope of a literary work. A theme may be stated or implied. Clues to the theme may be found in the prominent and/or reoccurring ideas in a workTonethe writer's attitude toward the subject of a story, toward a character, toward the audience (the readers), subject or work itself (ex serious, humorous)Universal CharacterA character that symbolically embodies well-known meanings and basic human experiences, regardless of when or where he/she lives. (ex hero, villain, intellectual, dreamer)Universal SignificanceThe generally accepted importance or value of work to represent human experience regardless of culture or time period.VoiceThe fluency, rhythm, and liveliness in a text that makes it unique to the authorName Callingan attack on a person instead of an issuePropagandaInformation aimed at positively or negatively influencing the opinions or behaviors o large numbers of peoplebandwagontries to persuade the reader to do, think, or buy something because it is popular or "everyone" is doing itRed HerringWhen a writer raises an irrelevant issue to draw attention away from the real issue.Emotional Appealtries to persuade the reader by using words that appeal to the reader's emotions instead of to logic or reasonTestimonialattempts to persuade the reader by using a famous person to endorse a product or ideaRepetitionattempts to persuade the reader by repeating a word or phrase, or rewording the same idea over and over againSweeping Generalizationmakes an oversimplified statement about a group based on limited information (stereotyping)Circular Argumentstates a conclusion as part of the proof of the argumentAppeal to numbers, facts or statisticsattempts to persuade the reader by showing how many people think something is true