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Civil War and Reconstruction - SS.912.A.2
Terms in this set (25)
The constitutional amendment ratified after the Civil War that forbade slavery and involuntary servitude.
An amendment to the United States Constitution that guarantees equal protection of the law and rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the USA, including former slaves.
1870 constitutional amendment that guaranteed voting rights regardless of race or previous condition of servitude
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
The system that allotted land with designated boundaries to Native American tribes in the west, beginning in the 1850s and ending with the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887.
Political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
the end of Reconstruction through the early 20th century, when racism is deemed to have been worse than in any other period after the American Civil War
A system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on the land.
A system that bound laborers into slavery in order to work off a debt to the employer
The right to vote
Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south
A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states
Compromise of 1850
(1) California admitted as free state, (2) territorial status and popular sovereignty of Utah and New Mexico, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (4) federal assumption of Texas debt, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive slave law; advocated by Henry Clay and Stephen A. Douglas
1887 law that distributed reservation land to individual Native American owners
Dred Scott decision
A Missouri slave sued for his freedom, claiming that his four year stay in the northern portion of the Louisiana Territory made free land by the Missouri Compromise had made him a free man. The U.S. Supreme Court decided he couldn't sue in federal court because he was property, not a citizen.
an order issued by President Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union; took effect January 1, 1863
Idea authored by Stephen Douglas that claimed slavery could only exist when popular sovereignty said so
1863 battle that was a turning point in war, Union victory, most deadly battle
A 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
Ku Klux Klan
A secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights.
rights and powers believed to be in the authority of the state rather than the federal government
Grant besieged the city from May 18 to July 4, 1863, until it surrendered, yielding command of the Mississippi River to the Union.
territorial acquisitions as settlers began moving westward beyond the Appalachian Mountains