AP World History Chapter 3 Vocab
Terms in this set (34)
Code of Hammurabi
A number of laws, judgement, or decrees, inscribed on a large stone piullar made by the ruler of Babylonia, Hammurabi.
Cradle of Civilization
Sites where the early civilizations emerged. Includes the river valleys.
Wedge shaped symbols on clay tablets representing objects, abstract ideas, sounds, and syllables. World's first written language.
Gift of the Nile
When it floods, it left rich fertile soil. The soil is the gift.
Epic of Gilgamesh
A poem of Mesopotamia. About the powerful ruler, Gilgamesh. Recounts his adventures and describes him as part human and divine.
The sister city of Mohenjo Daro. Living was extravagant.
Famous queen of Egypt. Was sometimes depicted as a man.
People that had a single deity: Yahweh. They migrated from Mesopotami to Palestine and Egypt.
"Sacred Carvings" A series of designs that denote words and consonants. For businesses, religion, stories, etc.
People based in Anatolia. Had new technology and overran Babylonia of Mesopotamia.
Had new technology. Took over Egypt for more than a century.
Located where Pakistan is. With Saraswati River Valley, had 3 First civilizations.
Mandate of Heaven
Ideology of China. Called the ruler the "son of Heaven". Ruler served as bridge between Earth and Heaven.
One of the first civilizations. Grew up by Tigris and Euphrates River Valley. Independent and competitive states of Sumer were incorporated into larger imperial states.
People on the island of Crete. Dominated the sea.
Largest city of the Indus Valley civilization. Has a sister city of Harappa. Had luxurious living.
Norte Chico Caral
The central coast of Peru. Made up of 25 urban centers- largest city was Caral.
A civilization farther south along the Nile. Independent civilization.
Another First Civilization. Along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Rose from many chiefdoms and created the first language in the Americas.
The writing of China. They were pictorgraphs. Inscribed on shells and bones.
A social system where it is mainly dominated by men.
Literally "Big House". Kings of Egypt. People believed the pharaoh was the "son of Re"
Active in the Mediterranean basin and were influenced by Mesopotamia. Had a migration across Eurasia.
Inca counting device. Was a series of knotted cords.
Rise of the States
The recognition that the complexity of life in cities or populated territories required some authority and coordination.
The process of adding salt to soil. Can be achieved by irrigation.
Mesopotamia's largest city. Had huge walls and a ziggurat. Was visible for miles around.
A large city in China, rich in bronze sculptures.
The dynasty that enlarged the states, made large tombs, and buried thousands of humans for sacrifice.
Son of Heaven
Ancient Chinese Kings. Performed rituals to keep the cosmos in balance.
A subsequent civilization that was influenced by Olmecs.
One of the early civilization of China. Had centralized states.
The dynasty in which people ruled by the Mandate of Heaven.
A temple of Mesopotamia. Considered the most important structure in the city states.