13 terms

ACT Practice English

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what do commas separate
independent clauses
adjectives
extra information
appositives
renames or restates the modified noun
ex: The dog, a Yorkshire Terrier, barked at all the neighbors
apostrophes / singular
Possessive and Singular Nouns
ex: Simon's teacher ; dog's food
apostrophes / plueral
(more than one)
boys' teacher
dogs' food
apostrophes / not ending in s
women's locker room
apostrophes / multiple nouns
Nick and Nora's dog likes eating
Dan's and Joan's socks are dirty
(do they act as a single or separate unit?)
it's
if you can say "it is" and the sentence still makes sense then it is correct, otherwise use "its"
"its'" IS NOT A WORD
semicolon
join related independent clauses
Josh needed to buy peas; he ran to the market.
Julie ate five brownies; however, Eileen at seven
colons
used to introduce extra information, lists, or quotations
ONLY ONE PER SENTENCE
parenthesis
used for unnecessary information
the road trip (which was made in a convertible) lasted three weeks.
PUNCTUATION GOES OUTSIDE PARENTHESIS
dashes
abrupt change in thought
ex: he walked slowly - with his hurt leg he couldnt go much faster - that even his neighbors toddler eventually overtook him
ex: I dont like grapes - do you?
parallelism
if you have a list of verbs, then all items in the list must be verbs of the same tense
ex: in the pool area there is no spitting, no running, or no throwing your cigarette butts in the water
Misplaced Modifiers
you wouldnt say: having eaten six corn dogs, nausea overwhelmed Jane. (nausea didnt eat six corn dogs. Jane did)
you would say: having eaten six corn dogs, jane was overwhelmed by nausea