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23 terms

ADV PS Ch 2 Quiz

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pure substance
matter that always has exactly the same composition; an element or compound
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
atom
the smallest particle of an element
compound
a substance that is made from 2 or more simpler substances and can be broken down into those simpler substances
heterogeneous mixture
a type of mixture in which the parts of the mixture are noticeably different from one another
homogeneous mixture
a type of mixture in which the substances are so evenly distributed that it is difficult to distinguish one substance in the mixture from another
solution
a mixture that forms when substances dissolve and form a homogeneous mixture
suspension
a heterogeneous mixture that separates into layers over time
colloid
a mixture that contains some particles that are intermediate in size between the small particles in a solution and the larger particles in a suspension
physical property
any characteristic of a material that can be observed or measured without changing the composition of the substances in the material
viscosity
the tendancy of a liquid to keep from flowing; resistance to flowing
conductivity
a materials ability to allow heat or electric charges to flow
malleability
the ability of a solid to be hammered without shattering
melting point
the temperature at which a substance changes from solid to liquid
boiling point
the temperature at which a substance boils; the temperature vapor pressure is equal to atmospheric pressure
filtration
a process that separates materials based on the size of their particles
distillation
a process that separates the substances in a solution based on their boiling points
physical change
a change that occurs when some properties of a material change, but the substances in the material stay the same
chemical property
any property that produces a change in the composition of matter
flammability
a materials ability to burn in the presence of oxygen
reactivity
the property that describes how readily a substance combines chemically with other substances
chemical change
change that occurs when a substance reacts and forms one or more new substances
precipitate
a solid that forms and separates from a liquid mixture