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Digital Photography 1: Part 1
Terms in this set (75)
TIFF is the default file format for most digital cameras.
Film is sensitive to which of the following?
Which type of lenses shrinks the image in front of it rather than magnifying it?
The magnification of a lens is also known as which of the following?
Aperture is controlled by what in the camera?
In a pinhole camera, the image seen in the camera will be inverted.
What are pixels?
The colors in an image
The overall size of the images
The overall file size of the image
"The smallest unit on the image that can be controlled."
Rather than having a mirror within the camera that reflects the image, point and shoot cameras have viewfinder that goes directly through the camera, giving the photographer a slightly different angle on the scene that what the shutter will open to capture.
RAW files can be compressed without losing information.
A camera in manual mode means that the camera will make all of the adjustments for the photographer.
An iris diaphragm is a set of overlapping metal plates that can expand out to allow more light or fold in on each other to reduce the amount of light.
What type of zoom crops the image and enlarges this cropped image to fill the frame of the camera?
Wide angle zoom
A lens can simply be a curved piece of glass
Digital cameras in use today create pictures made up of millions of pixels.
How do point and shoot cameras differ from SLR cameras?
They are take smaller sized photographs
"What is seen in the viewfinder is not an exact replica of the image that will be taken in point and shoot cameras"
Point and shoot cameras use film
The first commercially available digital camera was which of the following?
"Kodak DCS 100"
None of the above
The technology that contributed to digital cameras came from spy satellites used during the Cold War.
The first glass negative was invented in 1934.
What is true about royalty free images?
They are free to use and do not require a license
They can only be used for a short period of time
They are exclusive images
"The user has to pay a one-time fee for their use"
Kodak initially included film processing in the cost of the film itself.
Most stock agencies do not have their images online because of privacy issues.
By the 1850s, Daguerrotypes cost anywhere from 50 cents to $10 apiece.
The development of instant cameras is generally credited to Oskar Barnack, an American scientist.
In 1884, George Eastman created a dry gel on paper, or what we think of as film.
Royalty free images are those in which the price of the license is determined by the use of the image.
The collodian process used wet plates, which were glass plates that had been covered with a mixture of chemicals before being placed in the camera for the exposure.
What was the first commercial photography process?
Who created the first photograph?
"Joseph Nicephore Niepce"
William Henry Fox Talbot
The Calotype was named for the Greek meaning: beautiful picture.
The term photography was first used in about 1839 by Sir John Herschel.
Which camera mode gives the photographer the greatest amount of control?
Night photographs are usually taken by just holding the camera and shooting the photograph.
The f-stops are typically expressed as f/number.
A shallow depth of field means that what part of the photo will be in focus?
"Only a small portion that you choose"
Only items in the foreground
Most of the image will a few parts not in focus
All of the image will be in focus
The landscape mode would be the one you'd choose if you wanted a close up of a flower.
Shutter priority mode is often represented as an "S" or "TV" on the camera controls.
Macro mode is used to take landscape photographs of subjects fairly far from the camera.
In night mode, you will want to use which of the following?
A telephoto lens
A wide-angle lens
The smaller the f-stop or f-value, the larger the opening in the aperture is.
Working with manual mode requires the most knowledge about how the various aspects of the camera work.
Aperture is measured in what?
What does a shutter speed of 1 mean?
The shutter will stay open for half a second.
"The shutter will stay open for 1 second"
The shutter will stay open for half a minute
The shutter will stay open for 1 minute
Shutter speed affects how much light enters the camera and aperture affects how long the light enters the camera.
In portrait mode, your camera will use what?
A smaller aperture
A shutter speed of more than 1 second
"A larger aperture"
A shutter speed that is faster than 1/1000
For the best night photographs, you'll need to have a camera with a shutter speed of about 3 to 30 seconds.
When breaking one of the "rules" of photography, it should be which of the following?
You should never break the rules if you want a good photograph.
You can create a dreamy look to a photograph by using a large aperture and then focusing either on an unimportant piece of the photograph or by focusing well in front or behind your main subject.
You should avoid "S" curves in your photographs.
You can put a small level on your camera to help keep the horizons straight.
Active space is important in which type of photograph?
Before taking a photograph, what should you check?
The time of day
The weather report
That the colors in the photograph don't clash
"That the lines in the photograph are straight"
Using the rule of thirds, how many squares are produced on the grid of the photograph?
You should always leave active space in front of a moving object.
What does "framing" mean?
"Blocking some elements within the photograph in order to show off other elements"
Using your hands as a frame to see what the finished photograph will look like
Using a grid in the LCD of the computer
None of the above
Using the rule of thirds, what is the best position to put objects of interest?
In the right corner
"At the four intersecting points"
In the center of the grid
In the bottom third of the photograph
One of the practices that you should get into the habit of doing is to check what lines will be in the photograph that you are taking.
What might help you get a new perspective on a subject?
Taking a photograph from the front
Taking a photograph while standing
"Taking a photograph while laying on the ground"
Taking a photograph from a tripod at your eye height
Studies show that our eyes are drawn first to the center of a photograph.
Keeping it simple means that the reason for your photograph is what?
Uncomplicated backgrounds will often take a good photograph and make it even better by introducing more of a dynamic feel to the photograph.
Midday is a good time to take a portrait outside.
Florescent lights tend to emit less of what color?
Existing light photography is photography that only uses light already present in the scene.
Most photographers use only continuous source lighting in their studios.
One benefit of a continuous light source is that you can see the shadows and highlights that it creates before you take the picture.
You may need to use a fill flash or a reflector to eliminate shadows if you are using backlighting.
Flashing lighting is also known as which of the following?
Battery powered light
You can use a white bed sheet as a reflector if you need to reduce some shadows on a person's face.
Early in the day, light tends to be what color?
Reflectors are used to reduce shadows and bring more light to certain areas of a photograph.
When should you try to photograph reflections on bodies of water?
A rainy day
A windy day
"A calm day"
A cold day
The more spread out a light is, the softer the light will become.
Which lighting direction is used to create silhouettes?
None of the above
What is true of softboxes?
They have an umbrella on the front.
The insides of the softbox are gold.
"They pass light through a diffusing material in the front."
They let light out both the front and the back of the device.
Front lighting is always the best light direction for a portrait.
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