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195 terms

GRE word list 2-3

STUDY
PLAY
affidavit
a written statement made under oath
affiliate
to join; to connect or associate
affinity
close relationship;
a mutual attraction between a man and a woman
affix
v.
to stick; attach;
to add sth. in writing
n.
prefix or suffix
afflict
to cause persistent pain or suffering
affluent
rich
affront
to confront defiantly; offend
agglomerate
to gather into a cluster, mass, or ball
aggrandize
to make greater or more powerful
aggrieve
to give pain or trouble to
agile
able to move quickly and easily
agitate
to argue publicly or campaign for/against sth.;
to cause anxiety
agnostic
adj.
of, relating to, or being an agnostic;
n.
the beliefs of agnostics
agog
in a state of eager anticipation or excitement
agony
very great mental or physical pain
agrarian
of land
agreeable
pleasing;
ready to agree
agronomy
science of controlling the soil to produce crops
ail
to have physical or emotional pain, discomfort, or trouble, esp. to suffer ill health
airborne
transported or carried by the air
e.g. airborne bacteria; airborne troops
alabaster
translucent, smooth and white
alacrity
cheerful readiness;
promptness in response
albeit
although
alchemy
medieval form of chemistry concerned with finding a way to turn ordinary metals into gold
alcove
a recessed section of a room
alias
an assumed name; pseudonym
align
to get or fall into line;
to join as an ally
alimentary
of or relating to nourishment or nutrition
alkali
a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal element
allay
to relieve; reduce the intensity
allege
to state without proof
allegiance
loyalty or devotion to a cause or a person
allegory
fable
allude
to refer in an indirect way
e.g. He made several allusions to my failure.
alluring
attractive; charming
aloft
in the air
aloof
cool and distant in manner
alternate
adj.
occurring or succeeding by terns
v.
to perform by turns or in succession
n.
one that substitutes for or alternates with another
altruism
unselfish regard for the welfare of others; selflessness
amalgam
a combination or mixture
amalgamate
to unite; combine;
to mix
e.g. Our school will amalgamate with another school.
amass
to collect to gather; accumulate
amateur
one who engages in sth. as a pastime rather than as a profession
ambidextrous
very skillful or versatile
ambiguous
not clear; uncertain; vague
ambivalent
having simultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings toward sb. or sth.
e.g. I have a very ambivalent attitude towards giving charity.
amble
v.
to saunter;
n.
a leisurely walk
ambush
n./v.
the act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; to waylay
a sudden attack made from a concealed position
ameliorate
to improve
amenable
willing; submissive
amenity
sth. that conduces to comfort, convenience, or enjoyment
amiable
good natured; affable; genial
amicable
friendly in feeling; showing good will
amity
friendly relationship between people or countries
amnesia
loss of memory due usu. to brain injury, illness, etc.
amnesty
the act of an authority by which pardon is granted to a large group of individuals
amorphous
without definite form; shapeless
amortize
to put money for gradual payment of a debt
amphibian
any of a class of animals that live in water and on land;
an amphibious vehicle
ample
enough; adequate
amplify
to make larger; extend
!!!to develop with details
amplitude
the quality of being ample
amulet
piece of jewelry worn as a charm against evil
anachronistic
an error in chronology
anaerobic
of, relating to, or being activity in which the body incurs an oxygen debt
anagram
word made by rearranging the letters of another word
analgesia
insensibility to pain without loss of consciousness
analgesic
n.
a drug that takes pain away;
adj.
relieving pain
analogy
partial resemblance;
the likening of one thing to another
adj. analogous
anarchy
absence of government;
political disorder
anathema
one that is cursed;
a formal ecclesiastical ban; curse
anatomical
of or relating to anatomy
ancestry
person comprising a line of descent
anecdote
a short and entertaining account
adj. anecdotal
anemia
a lack of red blood cells
anguish
great suffering; distress
angular
having angles;
thin and bony
anhydrous
free from water
animate
adj.
alive; having life;
v.
to give life to
animosity
a feeling of strong dislike or hatred
animus
animosity
annals
a record of events arranged in yearly sequence
annexation
act of combining
annihilate
to destroy completely; demolish
annotate
to provide critical or explanatory notes
annul
to invalidate;
to cancel; abolish
anorexia
an eating disorder or aversion to food
antagonize
to arouse hostility;
show opposition
antecedent
n.
a preceding event, condition, or cause;
a person's ancestors;
adj.
preceding in time and order
antediluvian
of the time before the Biblical Flood;
old fashioned, or primitive
antenna
a sensitive feeler;
a device that collects or receives
anterior
earlier;
previous
anthem
a religious choral song;
a song of praise
anthology
a collection of poems, stories or songs
antic
fantastic and queer
antidote
a remedy to counteract a poison
antihistamine
any of various compounds that counteract histamine in the body and that are used for treating allergic reactions and cold symptoms
anvil
a steel block
aorta
the main artery of the body
apex
the high point; peak; vertex
aphorism
maxim; adage
aplomb
complete and confident composure
apocalyptic
prophetic
apocalypse n.
apocrypha
writings or statements of dubious authenticity
apocryphal
of double authenticity
apogee
the point in the orbit of an object orbiting the earth that is at the greatest distance from the center of the earth
<->perigee
apoplectic
of, relating to, or causing stroke
apoplexy n.
apostasy
an abandoning of what one has believed in
apostate
a person guilty of apostasy; renegade
apostrophe
'
apothecary
one who prepares and sells drugs
appall
to fill with horror or dismay; shock
apparatus
set of instruments in scientific experiments
apparel
clothing; garments; attire
apparition
a strange figure appearing suddenly and thought to be a ghost;
an unusual or unexpected sight
appeal
to supplicate;
to be attractive or interesting;
to take a lower court's decision to a higher court for review
appease
to pacify or quiet
appellation
a name or title; designation
apposite
appropriate; apt; relevant
appraise
to assess the value or quality
appreciable
noticeable; perceptible
apprehend
to capture or arrest;
to anticipate with anxiety; dread
apprehension n. apprehensive adj.
apprentice
one who is learning by practical experience under skilled workers
apprise
to inform, or notify
approbation
commendation;
official approval
appropriate
v.
to set money aside for a specific use;
to take improperly
adj.
apron
a protective skirt worn over one's clothing
apropos
adj./adv.
seasonable;
with reference to; regarding
e.g. I thought her remarks were very apropos.
apt
appropriate
aptitude
general suitability;
a natural ability to do sth.
arabesque
藤蔓图饰
arable
suitable for plowing and planting
arbiter
arbitrator; a person fully qualified to judge or decide
arbitrary
discretionary; despotic; dictatorial
arbitrate
to decide as an arbitrator
arbitration n. arbitrator n.
arboreal
of or like a tree
arboretum
a place where trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants are cultivated for scientific and educational purposes
arcane
mysterious; hidden or secret
arch
n.
a typically curved structural member spanning an opening and serving as a support;
v.
to have the curved shape of such a structure
archetype
the original pattern; prototype
a perfect example
archipelago
a group or chain of many islands
archive
a place where public record or document are kept
ardent
intensely enthusiastic or devoted;
passionate
arena
a Roman amphitheater where gladiatorial contests took place
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
aria
a melody in an opera, cantata, or oratorio for solo voice with instrumental accompaniment
arid
dry;
dull; uninteresting
aristocracy
the people of the highest social class esp. from noble families;
government in which power is held by the nobility
armada
a fleet of warships
armistice
a temporary stopping of warfare; a truce
armory
place where arms and armor are kept
aroma
a pleasant, often spicy odor; fragrance
array
v.
to place armed forces in battle order;
n.
impressive display
arresting
catching the attention
arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity
arrogate
to claim or seize without justification
e.g. presidents who have arrogated the power of Congress to declare war
arsenal
place where weapons and ammunition are stored
arson
the crime of purposely setting fire
artery
a vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body
arthritis
an inflammation of the joints
articulate
to express clearly;
to put together by joints
artifice
skill or ingenuity;
a sly trick
artistry
skill of an artist
artless
uncultured; ignorant
without artificiality
ascendancy
supremacy; domination
ascetic
adj.
self-denying;
n.
anyone who lives with strict self-discipline
asceticism n.
ascribe
to consider something to be caused by;
attribute
aseptic
not contaminated; not septic
aspen
白杨
asperity
rigor, severity;
harshness
aspersion
disparaging remark; slander
asphyxiate
to suffocate
e.g. The smoke asphyxiated the victim.
aspire
to direct one's hopes and efforts to some important aim
assail
to attack with arguments;
to assault
assault
a sudden attack; a violent attack
assay
to analyze for one or more specific components; testing for quality
assemble
to come together, collect;
to fit together the parts
assent
to express acceptance; concur; consent
<->dissent
assertive
expressing or tending to express strong opinions or claims
assiduous
diligent; persevering;
attentive
assiduity n.
assorted
mixed
assuage
to lessen; relieve
asteroid
a small planet
asthma
an illness involving difficulty in breathing
astray
off the right path or way
astringent
adj.
styptic;
puckery;
n.
an astringent substance
astrolabe
星盘
astute
showing clever or shrewd mind; cunning; crafty
asunder
adj./adv.
apart or separate;
into pieces
asylum
refuge; shelter
asymmetric
having sides that are not alike
asymmetry n.
atonal
marked by avoidance of traditional musical tonality
atrocious
very cruel; brutal; outrageous
atrophy
decrease in size or wasting away of a body part or tissue
attain
to achieve
attainment n.