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253 terms

My GRE Words3

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abnegate
to deny oneself things; to reject; to renounce
preceptor
teacher, pedagogue, school principal
enshroud
cover as if with a shroud
unctuous
(adj.) excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
scurrilous
coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed
munificent
extremely generous, lavish
indefatigable
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
wizened
shriveled; withered; wrinkled
vitriolic
bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)
pejorative
tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement, derogatory, deprecatory, belittling
obstreperous
noisily and stubbornly defiant
lachrymose
given to tears or weeping; causing to shed tears; mournful, lugubrious
eschew
avoid and stay away from deliberately
ninnyhammer
a fool or simpleton; ninny.
flibbertigibbet
a silly, flighty, or excessively talkative person.
catachresis
misapplication of a word, especially in a mixed metaphor, strained or paradoxical use of words either in error (as 'blatant' to mean 'flagrant') or deliberately (as in a mixed metaphor: 'blind mouths')
erotema
rhetorical question
dereliction
a tendency to be negligent and uncaring
propinquity
nearness in place or time; kinship
ignominious
deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
effluvia
outpouring of gases or vapors, odorous fumes given off by waste
detumescence
diminishing or lessening of swelling
insouciant
not concerned; free from care
recreancy
cowardice; cowardly giving up
deluge
flood, fill or cover completely, usually with water
glutton
a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess
heresy
an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred
sanctimonious
Feigning piety or righteousness
wend
to travel; to go on one's way or direct one's way
wean
to withdraw from any type of habit
lien
the right to take another's property if an obligation is not discharged
slake
(v.) to satisfy, relieve, or bring to an end; moderate or lessen (e.g. anger)
feint
a deliberately deceptive movement; a pretense; to make a deceptive movement; to make a pretense of
drone
speaking in a monotonous tone; a continuous low humming sound
molt
to shed hair, skin, or an outer layer periodically
drawl
a slow speech pattern with prolonged vowels
spurn
reject with contempt
prone
(adj.) lying face down; inclined, likely
glean
to collect bit by bit; to gather with patient labor
loll
to act in a lazy manner; to lounge; to recline, droop
foil
to defeat; to keep from gaining some end; a thin sheet of metal; a light fencing sword; a person or thing serving as a contrast to another
hew
to shape or cut down with an ax; to hold to
ansate
having a handle or hand-like shape
ingratiate
(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
brummagem
not genuine : spurious; also : cheaply showy : tawdry
flagrant
extremely or deliberately shocking or noticeable
exploit
a notable achievement
simper
(v.) to smile or speak in a silly, forced way; (n.) a silly, forced smile
filial
of or like a son or daughter
umbradge
offsense, annoyance, resentment
novitiate
someone who has entered a religious order but has not taken final vows
reprobate
(n.) a depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel; (adj.) wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled; (v.) to disapprove of, condemn
raillery
(n.) good-humored ridicule; teasing
depredation
the act of preying upon or plundering
adumbrate
to sketch out in a vague way
imperious
arrogantly domineering or overbearing
harbinger
foreshadow or presage, forerunner
arrant
out-and-out; shameless, blatant
bent
determined; natural talent or inclination
descry
catch sight of (something distant)
tendentious
intended to promote a particular point of view, doctrine, or cause; biased or partisan
vitiate
to weaken, debase, or corrupt; to impair the quality or value of
excoriate
to denounce sharply; to tear or wear the skin off
fell
cruel; deadly
insular
isolated; narrow or provincial (on an island)
din
terrible, noisy disturbance
prevaricate
to lie
deprecate
to disapprove regretfully, to belittle, to express mild disapproval
iniquity
an evil or wicked act, an unjust act
flippant
Lacking in seriousness; disrespectful, saucy, showing inappropriate levity
turpitude
depravity, moral corruption
noisome
offensive or disgusting; foul-smelling; harmful or injurious
prolix
tediously wordy
anathema
an object or person of intense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation
mordant
biting or caustic in thought, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh
martinet
someone who demands exact conformity to rules and forms
palliate
to make less serious; ease
propitious
presenting favorable circumstances; auspicious
exscind
to cut out cut away
extenuate
to lessen the seriousness or magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses
extol
praise, glorify, or honor
extralegal
not regulated or sanctioned by law, outside the law
extricate
to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort
forage
the act of searching for food and provisions
forbear
to refrain from; to abstain
forfeit
a penalty for a fault or mistake that involves losing or giving up something
sophomoric
immature and overconfident; conceited
denotation
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
ethos
beliefs or character of a group
pastiche
piece of literature or music imitating other works
oeuvre
the complete work of an artist, composer, or writer
gamut
the whole range or extent
corpus
the main part of an organ or other bodily structure
serendipity
accidental good fortune
caveat
a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
leitmotif
a dominant or recurring theme
ontology
the metaphysical study of the nature of being and existence
induction
reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
dystopia
imaginary place where living conditions are dreadful
stratagem
a scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end
raison d'être
reason or justification for existing
cause célèbre
any controversy that attracts great public attention
gambit
to take a risk for some advantage
oracularly
prophetic
epitome
a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
nadir
lowest point
acme
The highest point
dudgeon
sullen resentment or anger
ratiocination
methodical and logical thinking
nobless oblige
noble's obligation, claim to be noble the must act with nobility
putative
thought-to-be
sagacious
shrewd; wise
sanguine
confidently optimistic and cheerful
detrimental
harmful
ne plus ultra
the state of being without a flaw or defect, perfection, acme
anthropogenic
Human-induced changes on the natural environment
cognomen
family name; any name, especially a nickname
apologia
a formal defense or justification.
injunction
an authoritative command or order
dictum
A formal or authoritative statement
ethereal
of the heavens; celestial; airy; delicate; intangible
protean
exceedingly variable; readily assuming different forms or shapes
seraphic
angelic; sweet
lampoon
a written satire used to ridicule or attack someone
Lothario
rake; seducer; lover
epicurean
(adj.) devoted to the pursuit of pleasure; fond of good food;comfort and ease; (n.) a person with discriminating taste
arbitrary
Unreasonable; based on one's wishes or whims without regard for reason or fairness
remunerative
profitable
languid
Slow, sluggish, listless, weak, drooping, withoug energy
frenetic
frenzied, highly agitated
doleful
filled with or evoking sadness
septic
putrefaction; infection
equity
fairness, a condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it
prolix
tediously prolonged or tending to speak or write at great length
ancillary
subordinate or supplementary,serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary
periphrasis
a style that involves indirect ways of expressing things
fanciful
not based on reason; unrealistic
ornateness
Overly decorated
circumlocution
an indirect way of expressing something
jingoism
extreme (sometimes chauvinistic) patriotism, often favoring an aggressive, warlike foreign policy
qualifying
to reduce from a general to a particular or restricted from. describe. possible- explaining the meaning of
coinage
the act of inventing a word or phrase
lionization
the behavior that treats someone as a celebrity, either respectfully honoring or fawning adoration
transcend
to rise above or beyond, exceed
marginalization
Groups lacking desirable traits are excluded from society. These groups include poor, uneducated, undesirable color and language. These groups will stay on the margin of acceptance by society unless there is social intervention.
foreground
n. That part of a landscape or picture situated or represented as nearest the spectator. foremost
avid
enthusiastic; extremely interested
gawkiness
awkward; ungainly; clumsy.
undemonstrative
unwilling to show feelings or affection
panache
distinctive and stylish elegance, self-confidence; a showy manner
abridged
Shortened, usually in reference to a written or spoken work
synoptic
presenting a summary or general view of a whole
invigoration
quality of being active or spirited or alive and vigorous
vertebrate
an animal with a backbone
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of an organism
inform
give character or essence to
verve
energy in movement; exuberance
dash
break into pieces, as by striking or knocking over, run or move very quickly or hastily, cause to lose courage, hurl or thrust violently, add an enlivening or altering element to
incidence
the relative frequency of occurrence of something
ingenuous
innocent, simple; frank, sincere
epigraph
The use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme.
epigram
a witty saying expressing a single thought or observation
sacrilegious
grossly irreverent toward what is held to be sacred, desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred
osculate
To kiss
ossify
to change into bone; to become hardened or set in a rigidly conventional pattern
mussitate
to silently move the lips in simulation of audible speech.
trope
artful diction; the use of language in a nonliteral way; also called a figure of speech
cachet
A mark of distinction, a seal on a letter
scrupulous
exact, careful, attending thoroughly to details; having high moral standards, principled
indissoluble
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
forthright
(adj.) frank, direct, straightforward
anecdotes
Brief, often amusing stories
chestnuts
a saying repeated to the point of staleness
epithet
a defamatory or abusive word or phrase, descriptive word or phrase. "Mr. Philanthropy"
certitude
certainty
reverie
a daydream
affluent
wealthy
Élan
enthusiastic vigor or liveliness
artisan
a skilled craftsperson
despotic
ruling oppressively and absolutely; tyrannical
indignation
anger aroused by something unjust
idle
lazy, inactive, without a basis in reason or fact
patent
clearly apparent or obvious to the mind or senses
brittle
easily broken; not flexible
poignancy
a quality that arouses emotions (especially pity or sorrow)
visceral
instinctive; relating to the internal organs. obtained through intuition rather than from reasoning or observation
manacled
handcuffed; shackled
reined in
restrained, guided with reins
immured
enclosed within; imprisoned, walled in
to tar
to defile as if with tar
imprudent
lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious, unwise
accord
(n.) agreement, harmony; (v.) to agree, be in harmony or bring into harmony; to grant, bestow on
indemnified
v. compensated for loss, damage, or injury; reimburse; repay
subversion
sabotage; undermining
obscurities
things that are concealed, hidden, or difficult to understand
entrenched
set up in a strong position, dug in
malfeasance
misconduct or wrongdoing, especially by a public official
unwieldy
not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity
latitude
freedom from normal restraints and narrow limitations in conduct
plod
walk heavily and firmly, as when weary, or through mud,
to work laboriously and monotonously
impetuous
characterized by undue haste and lack of thought or deliberation, rash, impulsive
drudge
work hard
trudge
to walk in a heavy-footed way
meld
to merge or blend (different elements), combine
crestfallen
discouraged, dejected, downcast
humdrum
ordinary, dull, routine, without variation
vigorous
characterized by forceful and energetic action or activity
crude
lacking finish or polish, conspicuously and tastelessly indecent, not refined or processed, lacking tact or taste
deft
quick and skillful in movement
wanting
Lacking or absent; Deficient in some way
entreaty
a heartfelt plea or request
supplication
begging, humbly asking for a favor, (sometimes God)
recapitulate
to review a series of facts; to sum up
painstaking
very careful; diligent; requiring great care; meticulous
construe
To interpret or analyze something in a particular way, make sense of
collude
to plot secretly for a deceitful or illegal purpose, conspire
peddle
sell or offer for sale from place to place
jettison
to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome, to discard
modish
in the current fashion or style
recrudescence
new outbreak after a period of inactivity or abatement
disposition
the act or means of getting rid of something, a natural or acquired habit or characteristic tendency in a person or thing, attitude or mood, personality
curmudgeon
a crusty irascible cantankerous old person full of stubborn ideas
crescendo
gradually increasing in volume
dyspeptic
irritable as if suffering from indigestion
droll
comical in an odd or whimsical manner
cosset
to pamper; treat with great care
dither
to act confusedly or without clear purpose
bonhomie
a disposition to be friendly and approachable (easy to talk to)
arbitrate
to judge a dispute between two opposing parties
hapless
unfortunate; having bad luck, deserving pity
insurrection
rebellion; uprising
iniquity
an evil or wicked act
opine
to express an opinion
leery
suspicious; distrustful
mar
to damage, especially in a disfiguring way
nominal
existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
potentate
a ruler who is unconstrained by law, monarch
listless
lacking energy and enthusiasm
numismatics
coin-collecting
oblique
slanting, indirect, evasive, devious, misleading
seraphic
angelic, heavenly, celestial
vicissitude
a change or variation; ups and downs
solecism
a socially awkward or tactless act, grammatical mistake
usufruct
a legal right to use and derive profit from property belonging to someone else provided that the property itself is not injured in any way
mumpsimus
a stubborn person who insists on making an error in spite of being shown that it is wrong
rhabdomancy
A type of divination by means of any rod, wand, staff, stick, arrow, or the like.
saccharine
excessively sweet or sentimental
jurisprudence
the science or philosophy of law
meritocracy
a form of social system in which power goes to those with superior intellects or abilities
anterior
earlier in time or front
subsume
include (as a member of a group); encompass, incorporate
determinant
a determining or causal element or factor
incontrovertible
impossible to deny or disprove, indisputable