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24 terms

anatomy- heart

STUDY
PLAY
Size
size of fist, weight= 250 g (females) 300g (males), 25% of weight is mitochondria
Heart Cambers
atria (upper), ventricles (lower)
Atria
hyper-fill ventricles- receiving chambers
Right atria
receives blood from the body and pumps into the right ventricle
Left atria
receives blood from the lungs and pumps blood into the left ventricles
Ventricles
distributing chambers
Right ventricles
pumps blood into the lungs for gas exchange
Left ventricles
pumps blood throughout the body
Valves
(1) atrioventricular (2) semilunar
Atrioventricular valve
separate the atria from the ventricles
Characteristics of atrioventricular valves
(1) passively are open and closed when ventricular pressure is grater than atrial pressure (2) tricuspid is on the right side (3) mitral or bicuspid valve is on the left side
semilunar valve
separate the great arteries from the ventricles
characteristics of semilunar valves
(1) passively are closed and open when the ventricular pressure is grater than arterial pressure (2) pulmonary valve separates the right ventricle form the pulmonary trunk (3) aortic valve separates the left ventricle from the aorta
circuits
(1) pulmonary (2) systemic
Pulmonary
blood pumped from right side of heart, oxygenated and returned to left atrium
Systemic
blood pumped from the left side of heart and returned to the right atrium, deoxygenated
diastole
heart chamber is relaxed
systole
heart chamber is contracted
Pericardium
(1) fibrous pericardium (2) serous pericardium (3) pericardial space/cavity
fibrous pericardium
loose fitting dense irreregular CT, encloses and protects heart
functions of fibrous pericardium
Protects heart, anchors heart to surrounding structures, Prevents overfilling with blood
Serous pericardium
(1) parietal layer (2) visceral layer
serous pericardium- parietal layer
lines internal surface of fibrous pericardium, thin-slippery serous membrane. attaches to the large arteries at superior margin of heart
serous pericardium- visceral layer
continuous with parietal pericardium, the two layers of serous pericardium allows for frictionless environment for heart beating