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Types and Systems of Government
Rule by one person (monarchy, dictatorship)
Rule by a small group of people who normally gain control through force
Rule by a large group of people
Representative Democracy (Republic/Indirect Democracy)
Government in which citizens elect delegates to make government decisions on their behalf (USA)
Government in which all citizens participate in government (Ancient Athens)
Government in which a king or queen rules with a legislative body; the monarch is limited in power
Government in which a king or queen rules independently and typically has unlimited power
Autocratic government system in which an individual gains power by force (Hitler, Stalin, etc.,)
System of government in which an entire country is governed as a single unit or entity; state or regional governments (if they exist) are given limited, if any, sovereignty
System of government in which states or regional governments are loosely organized and retain sovereignty; the national government (if it exists) has very limited power
Federal System (Federal Government/Federalism)
System of government in which power is divided between the states and the national/federal government
Executive leader is chosen from the Legislative Branch
Executive leader is chosen independently of the Legislative Branch