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Drugs and Behavior Test 1
Terms in this set (40)
Historically, a drug or combination of drugs sold through peddlers, shops, or mail-order advertisements.
Any change in a person's condition after taking a drug, based solely on that person's beliefs about the drug, rather than any physical effect of the drug.
A antipsychotic (anti-schizophrenia) drug. Brand name thorazine.
An Egyptian document dated approximately 1500 BC, containing more than 800 prescriptions for common ailments and diseases.
A healer whose diagnosis or treatment of patients is based at least in part on trances. These trances are frequently induced by hallucinogenic drugs.
The philosophy and practice of healing in which diagnosis or treatment is based on trance-like states on the part of either the healer (shaman) or the patient.
Drug-taking behavior resulting in some form of physical, mental, or social impairment.
Drug-taking behavior in which a prescription or over-the -counter drug is used inappropriately
Referring to the motivation of a drug user who takes the drug only to get "high" or achieve some pleasurable effect.
Referring to the motivation of a drug user for a specific purpose other than getting "high."
A chemical substances that, when taken into the body, alters the structure or functioning of the body in some way, excluding those nutrients considered to be related to normal functioning.
A condition in which an individual feels a compulsive need to continue taking a drug. In the process, the drug assume an increasingly central role in the individual's life.
Drugs who manufacture, use, or possession is legal
Drugs who manufacture, sale, or possession is illegal.
Drugs that affect feelings, thoughts, perceptions and behavior.
The scientific study of the nervous system, undertaken as a collaborative effort among researchers from many scientific disciplines.
Factors in an individual's life that increase the likelihood of involvement with drugs.
Factors in an individual's life that decrease the likelihood of involvement with drugs and reduce the impact that any risk factor might have.
The physical or psychological harm that a drug might present to the user.
The quantity of drug that is taken into the body, typically measured in terms of milligrams or micrograms.
The physical or psychological harm a drug might present to the user immediately or soon after the drug is ingested into the body.
An S-shaped graph showing the increasing probability of a certain drug effect as the dose level rises.
The minimal dose of a particular drug necessary to produce the intended drug effect in a given percentage of the population.
The minimal dose of a particular drug capable of producing death in a given percentage of the population.
The measure of a drug's relative safety for use, computed as the ratio of the lethal dose for 50 percent of the population to the effective dose for 50 percent of the population.
Margin of Safety
The ratio of a lethal dose for 1% of the population to the effective dose for 99% of the population.
Drug Abuse Warning Network
A federal program in which metropolitan hospitals report the incidence of drug-related lethal and nonlethal emergencies.
Drug-related ED Visit
An occasion on which a person visits an emergency department for a purpose that is related to recent drug use.
The physical or psychological harm a drug might cause over a long period of use.
The capacity of a drug to produce a gradually diminished physical or psychological effect upon repeated administrations of the drug at the same dose level.
The process of drug tolerance that is linked to drug-taking behavior occurring consistently in the same surroundings under the same circumstances.
A model of drug dependence based on the idea that the drug abuser continues the drug-behavior to avoid the consequences of physical withdrawal symptoms.
A model of drug dependence based on the idea that the drug abuser is motivated by a craving for the pleasurable effects of the drug.
A device to deliver intravenous injections of a drug in a free-moving human or animal.
A diagnostic term used in clinical psychology and psychiatry that identifies an individual displaying significant signs of a dependent relationship with a psychoactive drug.
A diagnostic term used in clinical psychology and psychiatry that identifies an individual who continues to take a psychoactive drug despite the fact that the drug-taking behavior creates specific problems for that individual.
Violent acts committed while under the influence of a particular psychoactive drug, with the implication that the drug caused the violence to occur,
Economically Compulsive Violence
Violent acts that are committed by a drug abuser to secure money to buy drugs.
Violence that arises from the traditionally aggressive patterns of behavior within a network of illicit drug trafficking and distribution.
The philosophy of exerting as little governmental control and regulation as possible.
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