28 terms

Federalists and Anti-Federalists

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1787
The current US Constitution was written in what year?
Philadelphia
In what city did the Constitutional Convention meet?
republic
In what form of limited government is political power exercised by representatives of the people?
democracy (direct democracy)
In what form of government is political power exercised directly by the people?
Democratic republic (representative democracy)
In what form of government is power exercised by freely elected representatives of the people?
Democratic republic (representative democracy)
What form of government does the United States have?
Federalists
__________ - group that supported the ratification of the Constitution of 1787.
Anti-Federalists
__________ - group that opposed the ratification of the Constitution of 1787.
Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay
Name the three men who wrote the Federalist Papers in support of the ratification of the Constitution.
states
Under the Articles of Confederation, the __________ had the vast majority of power.
stronger
The Constitution called for a __________ central government than had existed under the Articles.
federalism
The Constitution shared power between the central government and the states in a system known as __________.
separation of powers
Federalists believed that individual rights were protected from abuse by the central government due to the __________ ( splitting the government into three coequal branches).
checks and balances
Federalists believed that, by having three coequal branches of government, they would act as __________ against each other which would keep any one branch from obtaining dictatorial power.
Federalists
__________ - group that wanted a stronger central government.
Anti-Federalist
__________ - group that wanted a weaker central government.
Bill of Rights
One of the biggest problems Anti-Federalists had with the proposed constitution was its lack of a __________.
Bill of Rights
The Federalists, including James Madison, had to promise that a __________ added to the Constitution after it was ratified in order to win ratification votes in several states.
Anti-Federalists
__________ - a group of people in the early United States who opposed ratification of the U.S. Constitution because they feared a strong national government and a lack of protection for individual rights (civics360.org).
Articles of Confederation
The __________ was the first constitution of the United States of America.
Federalist Papers
The __________ were a series of essays written to explain and defend the proposed U.S. Constitution. They were mainly written by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison with a little help from John Jay.
Federalists
The __________ were a group of people in the early United States who favored the establishment of a strong national government and who worked for ratification of the U.S. Constitution (civics360.org).
Necessary and proper clause
__________ - the clause that gives the power to Congress to make laws they view as necessary and proper to carry out their enumerated powers; also known as the elastic clause (civics360.org).
Ratify
__________ - to confirm by expressing consent; formally approve (civics360.org).
Checks and balances
__________ - a principle of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches (civics360.org).
Separation of powers
__________ - the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own distinct powers and responsibilities (civics360.org).
Federal system
__________ - a system of government where power is shared between a central government and states (civics360.org).
President
The Anti-Federalists were concerned that the __________ would be too powerful and might become a tyrant.