Terms in this set (21)
1. Describe the New Occupations for Life Program.
a. Targeted harmful occupations of 100 Hispanic/AA teens at risk for gang involvement
b. Provided safe context for disestablishing gang activities, building community, and exploring socially acceptable productive occupations
2. Who conducted the program described in the article?
Carolyn Snyder, Florence Clark, Brian Young, Marilyn Masunaka-Noreiga
3. What alternative school housed the project? Spell out the entire name of the alternative school. You may need to consult the article to find the name.
SEA (Soledad Enrichment Action)
4. How do you spell the author of the article Activity and Happiness and the creator of Flow?
5. If psychology is a talking therapy, what kind of therapy is occupational therapy?
6. The author of Activity and happiness believes that people are most satisfied and living a high quality life when what? What do we remember?
a. He states that we are happiest when we have experiences "that focus our whole being in a harmonious rush of energy, and lift us out of the anxieties and boredom that characterisizes so much of everyday life"
b. Turns out when challenges are high and personal skills are used to utmost, we experience a rare state of consciousness
c. Remember that challenge/skills must be met
7. What are the characteristics of flow that contribute to the ultimate experience?
a. Challenge skills balance
c. Clear goals
d. Clear feedback
f. Time is altered
habit Vs. routine
a. Habit: something that is performed repeatedly, relatively automatically, and with little variation
b. Routine: a higher order habit that involves sequencing and combing processes, procedures, steps or occupations
9. What are the 4 advantages of habits/routines?
1. Increase skill in action (or thought) by enabling a person to focus less on a given action and more on its elaboration
2. they reduce fatigue because they require an economy of effort
3. free attention for the unpredictable, enabling a person to quickly detect novel or threatening stimuli
4. enable a person to exercise functions without having to recall and attend to specific elements of a given practice
10. What is the difference between motivation and emotion?
Motivation is action in pursuing a goal and emotion is action resulting from a goal
11. What is the 5 step model of emotion?
1. Event occurs (something happens that is related to the goals; can be a threat or an enhancer)
2. Perception of the event (the individual becomes fully aware of the event through the senses)
3. Appraisal of the perceived event (determining whether or not the event relates to the goal; the value directly affects strength of motivation)
4. filtering the appraisal (physical status of the individual influences the intensity of the appraisal)
5. reaction to the appraisal (channels it into some kind of coping)
12. What are the 4 mechanisms that determine how an emotion will be expressed?
a. Genetic vulnerability
b. Diet: chemicals block or facilitate the development and transmission of emotion
c. Hormone level: levels that are too high or too lwo can sometimes have a dramatic impact on the intensity of an emotional response
d. Circadian rhythm: the degree to which we are able to satisfy the sleep wake cycle and live the 24 hours day
13. What is the mnemonic Pierce Howard uses to describe how to best keep your brain healthy? Describe each letter and what it does briefly.
i. S: sleep routine
ii. N: nutrition
iii. A: activity/ regular exercise
iv. P: personal relationships; connect with others for social support
14. Describe the study done by John Newcomer at Wash U in St Louis? What were the findings and how does that apply to you?
a. Students were given stress hormones for a number of days prior to taking an exam
b. In comparison to the control group, those who were given the stress hormone displayed drastic drop in memory
c. Applies to me because I get really stressed out before tests and have a hard time recalling material
15. Pierce Howard gave pointers on how to best retain the material you studied. Name 5 of the pointers.
1. get enough sleep
2. reduce stress
3. reduce caffeine and alcohol intake
4. reduce prescription drug reliance
5. exercise 30-60 min 5x/week
16. According to Pierce Howard, what causes us to feel refreshed upon awakening?
The number of sleep cycles we enjoy
18. Name the brain waves demonstrated during the sleep cycles.
1. beta - still alert, consciousness, mind is awake
2. alpha - mind is lucid, but still conscious
3. theta - deep relaxation
4. delta - deep, dreamless sleep
17. What are the 5 stages of sleep we repeat as we cycle through these patterns?
1. alpha - mind is lucid, still awake
2. theta - light sleep
3. delta - deep sleep
4. REM - rapid eye movement, when you sleep; deepest
5. theta - light sleep, end of cycle
19.What are the purposes and benefits of sleep?
to retain information from the previous day
allows body to heal
how long is a sleep cycle
21. Why do you sometimes feel refreshed when the total number of hours you slept is less than usual?
If you slept a complete sleep cycle, then you feel refreshed