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53 terms

Endocrine System Quiz

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Gigantism
Proportional over growth of the body tissues due to the HYPERSECRETION of Growth Hormone before puberty.
Thyroiditis
Chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland leading to enlargement of the thyroid gland.
FBS
Fast Blood Sugar
Dwarfism
Generalized GROWTH RETARDATION of the body due to a deficiency of Growth Hormone.
Diabetes insipidus
Condition caused by a deficiency in the secretion of antidiaretic hormone (ADH) by posterior pituitary gland. - Results in large amounts of urine and sodium secreted by the body.
Adrenal Gland
Two glands perched on top of each kidney. - Cortex secretes ALDOSTERONE - Medulla secretes EPINEOHRINE
Testes
This produces Androgens, Testosterone, Androsterone
Thyroid Gland
This gland produces Triiodothyronine (T3), Thyroxine (T4),
Thymus Gland
This gland produces Thymosin, Thymopoietin
Pituitary Gland (ANTER)
This gland produces GH, TSH, FSH, MSH, adrenocorticotropic hormone
Pituitary gland (POST)
This gland produces Antidiurectic hormone, Oxytosin
Parathyroid gland
Thia gland produces Parathyroid hormone
Pineal Gland
This gland produces Melatonin
Pancreas
This produces Glucogen and Insulin
Adrenal (Medulla)
This gland produces Epinephrine and Nonepinephrine
Adrenal (Cortex)
This produces mineralocorticoids, aldosterones, glucocortoids, cortisol, hydrocortisone, gonadocorticoids.
Ovaries
This produces Estrogen and Proesterone
Neurohypophysis
The Posterior Pituitary gland
addison's disease
ADRENAL cortex FAILS to secrete adequete mineralcortitcoids and glucocorticoids.
conn's disease
Most inflential of the mineralcorticoids which cause the body to retain excess sodium and excrete extra potassium.
Pancreatic Cancer
a life threatening primary malignant neoplasm typically found in the head of the PANCREAS
Thyrotoxicosis
"Thyroid Storm" an acute, sometimes FATAL, incitdent of OVERACTIVITY of the THYROID gland. resulting in EXCESSIVE secretion of the THYROID hormone.
Pheochromocytoma
Vascular tumor of the ADRENAL MEDULLA that produces EXTRA epinephrine/nonepinephrine. (ADRENALINE)
Diabetes Mellitus
Disorder of the PANCREAS. beta cells of islets of langerhans FAIL TO PRODUCE adequate amount of INSULIN.
Goiter
Hyperplasia of Thyroid Gland as a result of DEFICIENCY amount of IODINE in the diet.
Adenohypophyusis
The ANTERIOR Pituitary GLAND
Cushing's Syndrome
Condition of the ADRENAL GLAND when there is a CLUSTER of syndromes. Occuring as a result of EXCESSIVE amounts of CORTISOL or ACTH circulating in the blood.
Diabetes Insipidus
Condition cause by a DEFICIENCY in the secretion of ADH by the POST PITUITARY gland. results in large amounts of urine and sodium secreted by the body.
Testes
Two Small glands located in the scrotum. Males reproductive gland. Secretes Testostorone.
Parathyroid Gland
Four small glands located on the DORSAL aspect of the thyroid gland.
Thymus Gland
Single gland located in the mediatrinum, near the middle of the chest.
Pituitary Gland
"Master Gland" located in the Pituitary fossa of sphenoid bone.
Pineal Gland
Tiny pine-cone shaped glands located on the dorsal aspect of the mid-brain region. Supports regulation of the bodies "Biological clock", eating patterns, sleep, and reporduction.
Ovaries
Female sex glands located near fimbricated ends of the fallopian tubes.
Pancreas
Glands located behind the STOMACH.
Thyroid Gland
Located in the front of the neck just below the larynx on either side of the trachea.
Proteins
Builds tissue and structures, energy when others are in short supply.
Fats
AKA "Lipids" Composted of cabon hydrogen and oxygen. EXSISTS as TRIGLUCERIDES in the body.
Absorption
The transfer of the nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract into the blood stream.
Nutrition
The study of the taking in the nutrients into the body and how the body uses them.
Other Nutrients
Vitamins, Minerals, WATER (most important), fiber are all:
Energy Nutrients
Carbs, lipids (fat), proteins are all:
Amino Acids
22 of these in PROTEINS. used by the body as enzymes hormones and as the basic structural unit in all the body tissue and cells.
Triglycerides
Has 3 fatty acids attached to a glycerol molecule.
Lipids
Fats
Tocopherol
Vitamin E., fat solubule
Fructose
Largely found in fruits
Lactose
disaccarides, found primarily in MILK or MILK PRODUCTS
Glucose
Simplest form of sugar, found in Fruits, major source of energy. body uses most effectively monosaccarides.
Sucrose
One of the sweetest of sugars. Table sugar disaccharide.
Virilism
development of make secondary sex charecteristics
Elimination
Excretion, removal of waste.
Carbohydrates
Sugars; Simple carbs and Complex Carbs.