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Cont Issues CJS FINAL Video Notes
Terms in this set (44)
a writ writer in jail
Who is Fred Cruz?
some robberies; convicted of 50 yrs
Why was Cruz arrested? What happened after arrest?
in county jail
Where did Cruz write his first appeal?
beat one, control a hundred
What was the philosophy of the state prison system?
writ of habeus corpus
What was a prisoners' only way to appeal to a judge?
prison officials confiscated all his papers
What happened on Cruz's court date?
viewed as dangerous
How were writ writers viewed by the Texas prison system?
The warden charged him for violating rules for assisting another inmate
What happened after Cruz wrote a complaint to the FBI on behalf of an inmate who could not read/write?
for rehabilitative treatment to cure him from his writ writing; had all his legel papers confiscated
Why was Cruz transferred to the Ellis Unit? What happened when he arrived?
subjected to solitary and starving diet
What would happen if prison officials discovered a law book in Cruz's cell?
favored inmates that supervised what went on in living areas
Who were the building tenders?
they searched his place and then interrogated him; also found Constitution; sentenced to solitary
What happened when Cruz was caught reading books by the Supreme Court Justice William Douglas and the US Constitution?
challenging the rule of prisoners helping other prisoners
What was the basis of the Cruz v. Beto case?
attorney who came to Texas, wanted to help inmates; a "portia for the poor"
Who was Frances Jalet? What did the newspapers call her?
of civil rights movement
The prisoners' rights movement was an outgrowth of what movement?
1968, unless they provided real legal system, TX ignored it
When did the US Supreme Court throw out the jailhouse lawyer rule? What was the exception to this rule? How did TX respond?
1st prisoner trial; not in prison clothes, shackles
What was unique about the first trial in the Cruz v. Beto case?
gave nothing; upheld jailhouse lawyer rule; upheld conditions of solitary confinement
What did Judge Woodrow Seals decide?
he needed to control this relationship and make a plan
How did George Beto deal w the close relationship bt Cruz and Jalet?
she can visit her clients but had to be segregated so they could be watched/supervised
What happened after Beto banned Jalet from the TX prison system?
every prisoner who was writ writer, jailhouse lawyer, or had Jalet as lawyer
What was the 8-Hoe squad?
judges ruled against prison system
What was the verdict of the Cruz v Beto appeal?
got together w Frances Jalet and got married
What happened after Cruz was released from prison?
8-Hoe court cases squad
What was the Ruiz v. Estelle case?
4 life w/o parole sentence in FL
Kenneth Young received ____ sentences in ____
Which countries condemn children to die in prison?
Kids are different; give them a chance...when they are an adult, then see what is needed under our Constitution
What did US Supreme Court decide in Graham v Florida?
juvenile life sentences; anything less than murder
In 2010, the US Supreme Court ruled ____ illegal, for anything _____
How many of the more than 2,500 inmates sentenced to life as children now have a chance to obtain release?
His accomplice got 1 concurrent sentence (much less); Kenneth got 4 life sentences consecutive
How did Kenneth's sentence compare to his accomplice's?
When did the US Supreme Court abolish death sentences for juveniles?
Kenneth's mom had a problem w ___
Their ability to be led by others; take less concern for others' perspectives
Why is Kenneth's age at time of the offense psychologically significant?
We don't punish ___, we punish ___
Kenneth younger than accomplice; accomplice had extensive criminal history and owned the gun and car; Kenneth was a follower, accomplice was leader
How was the role of Kenneth's accomplice different from his own?
Kenneth said you can't do that and leave
What happened when Kenneth's accomplice threatened to rape a victim?
his mother stole dope from the accomplice and she was being threatened
Why did Kenneth say he was forced to commit the armed robberies?
__% of children serving life committed their crime w an adult
Kenneth's first public defender, who is now a judge, compared juvenile court to what?
he was referred as jitterbug and feels intimated and that they have to prove himself
Why is it significant that Kenneth had only one disciplinary report in his time in prison?
bc of the length of his sentence
Why wasn't Kenneth given a GED program or any education?
African American youth are sentenced to life w/o parole __ times more than their white peers
11; his sister had a kid and he felt like he needed to take care of them
Why did Kenneth drop out of school? How old was he at the time?
30 years concurrent, 10 yrs probation
What sentence did the judge impose in Kenneth's case?
Sets with similar terms
Chapter 15 Multiple Choice
Criminal Justice Test 4
Juvenile Justice Midterm
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