England and France SB
Terms in this set (52)
Who did the vikings invade in England?
Who is Alfred the Great?
kicked out vikings
Who is King Canute?
conquered a portion of land
conquered a portion of land in England after the Viking invaded the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms
1066 ce Norman Conquest of England: Who is Harold Godwinson?
1066 ce Norman Conquest of England: Harold Hardrada
1066 ce Norman Conquest of England: William of Normandy
French, Anglo-Saxon, and Viking
Who wins the battle of Hasting?
William of Normandy
What happens to England after William of Normandy wins the Battle of Hasting?
England is now Anglo-Saxon, French and Viking
What is the Domesday Book?
address book with how much property every person owns (feudalism) so he (william of Normandy) can figure out how to distribute land
What is the Bayeux Tapestry?
Tapestry with the "tale" of the battle of Hastings
What are the Consequences for England after the Battle of Hastings ?
1. new dynasty on England
2. European feudalism comes to England
3. England and France are now connected
Who did King Henry II marry?
Eleanor of Aquitaine (former queen of France)
What happened after Kings Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine? (3)
>king of england now thinks they possess england, Normandy and Aquitaine
>Each place think it belongs to them
>Ex. English king thinks he has france and vise virsa
What was England religion?
What were the ethnic groups in England?
Has french, viking, anglo saxon
Henry II wants to control England so what does he do?
Send judges to all parts of England to enforce Common Law
Who is Thomas Becket?
>Archbishop of Canterbury
Henry II vs Thomas Becket?
>Henry send out judges and puts clergy in court
>King doesn't like that because Pope vs. King
>precedent- something to Follow
>Beckett said Henry can not try clerics in public courts; excommunicates bishops who agree with King Henry
>tries to make sure that the king does not take power again
>Becket murdered by Henry's noble - they cut off his head
>Henry is probably upset because Becket religious person
>Shows church over king
What happens when Richard Lionheart Dies on crusade?
his brother John 1 the Softsword takes over
John 1 (3)
> John likes to go to war but he loses all the time
> John 1 raises takes to get more armies: Peasants don't like taxes because they don't have a lot of money and Peasants rebel which limits the vassals authority
>The nobles revolt and force John to sign the Magna Carta limiting the king's power
Who wrote the Magna Carta?
Nobles force John 1
What does the Magna Carta do? (3)
> limiting the king's power
>King has to talk to nobles to do things
>Puts restictions on kings power
Who was John 1 grandson?
> wants to raise taxes to increase the army, but remembers what happened to john 1
>needs the nobles to agree with him ; and he call Model Parliaments
What is the Model Parliament?
>2 burgesses from each burgher: Burgesses is a elected person from towns, Nobles do not live here.. Live on manors, Manor system power decreases
>2 knights from each county
Who invaded the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms?
What were the big 3 changes in England and France?
1. England creates law courts/code
2. Limit power of king and church
3. Creates legislature
Who created the first Legislature in England?
What was the first Legislature in England?
>Filled with knights
>Knight's loyalty is tied to king
>Knight like him because he gives them a higher rank
What sets apart England from everywhere else?
Is England a Nation- State or an Empire?
Is France a Nation- State or an Empire?
What is the Ile of France?
Small; highly populated and wealthy
What city in the Ile of France was the largest city and the trade hub of Europe?
What time period was France?
After the Carolingian Dynasty
a person who performs certain actions under legal authority
Who first controlled the Ile of France?
Louis the Sluggard
Who takes over the Ile of France, after Louis the Sluggard, and starts the Capetian Dynasty?
Philip the II
Triples size of France by expansion
Sends Bailiffs to all districts
Like Henry II
Legal code for France
Royal Court of Appeal
Who created the Royal Courts of Appeal?
Louis IX of the Capetian Dynasty
What does Philip IV create?
- first clergy
- second noble
- third Bourgeoisie
Each get one vote
a citizen of a town or city
How did the Estate generals effect the Pope?
Pope outvoted by the estates generals
Estates picked by Philip IV
New Trends in Europe
Wealth increased due to trade
Pope Beniface VII
Declares submission to church as the key to salvation
Kidnapped by Philip IV and dies
Who does Philip IV convince the College of Cardinals put into power after Pope Beniface VII dies?
Clement V of France
What does Clement V of France mean for power in Europe?
France kings control Pope
Popes controlled by France
The Great Schism
Rome vs. France
Clement VII vs. Urban VI
Excommunicate each other
Council of Constance
No more 2 popes
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