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go through and edit - western civilization

Terms in this set (989)

(pre-Greeks) The earliest villages appeared on the Greek mainland around 6500 BC, and the Cyclades islands in the Aegean Sea were settled about 3000 BC. (The earliest speakers of Greek, a Indo-European language, migrated into the region about 2300 BC.) They lived in small communities until about 1700 BC, the greatest of these new cities was Mycenae (others included Tiryns, Pylos, and Athens) which was renowned for its royal tombs with interiors shaped like honeycomb, the city's "Cyclopean" walls, and sculptured entryway known as the Lion's Gate. They gained wealth by trading with their neighbors and sometimes raiding them. Around 1550 BC they challenged the Minoans for supremacy in the Aegean Sea by invading and occupying Crete. They were at their peak of prosperity from about 1400 to 1200 BC. After conquering Crete, they adopted the Minoan form of writing and system of economic management (which was based on the palace being an administrative center). Politically, they were divided among small kingdoms of heroic warriors who might band together from time to time under the empire's king. The legendary war against Troy depicted in the Homeric epic poem the Iliad (composed around 800-750 BC) seems to have been such an expedition which may be based on true events occurring around 1250 BC (which would have made the Trojan war one of this empire's last major undertakings). Within a century this empire fell prey to the Sea Peoples who devastated the empires of the eastern Mediterranean from about 1250-1150 BC; Early Greeks who conquered the Minoans and Troy (as told in the Iliad); their empire was destroyed by the Sea Peoples and Dorians; The early Greeks are called what? Hint: the most impressive of the early sites built is at Mycenae and the kings of this city seem to have exercised influence over the other Greek towns; The people who overran Crete, brought early Greek culture, and according to legend defeated Troy