62 terms

The Fight for Independence

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Ethan Allen
Who led the Green Mountain Boys?
King George III
Who opposed any compromise with the American colonists?
Abigail Adams
Whose letters to her husband suggested increased rights for women?
Thomas Jefferson
The man who wrote most of the Declaration of Independence was
Benjamin Franklin
Who ran the first post office established by the Second Continental Congress?
Thomas Paine
Who wrote Common Sense?
Patrick Henry
Who famously stated "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" while giving a speech to Virginia's House of Burgesses.
Lexington and Concord
"The shot heard 'round the world" refers to the actions of the minutemen at
Loyalists
Which colonists did not consider unfair taxes a good reason for rebellion?
Patriots
Which colonists wanted to fight the British for American independence?
John Adams
George Washington was chosen commander of the Continental Army upon the recommendation of
Olive Branch Petition
The colonists expressed their desire for peace in the __________, which was sent to the King by the Second Continental Congress.
Continental Congress
In response to unpopular laws and acts of the British king and Parliament, the __________ met in Philadelphia in September 1774
rebellion
In the mid-1770s, King George declared that the colonies were in a "state of __________."
Massachusetts
The first battles of the American Revolution occurred in April 1775 in __________.
Fort Ticonderoga
In May 1775, American colonists led by Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen seized __________ on Lake Champlain.
Loyalists
Some colonists became ____________________ because they were officeholders who would lose their positions as the result of a revolution.
Olive Branch Petition
King George rejected the __________, in which the Second Continental Congress made a last attempt to avoid war with Great Britain.
equal
The Declaration of Independence states that all men are created ____________________.
Trenton
On Christmas night 1776, the Patriots scored a victory at
Thomas Paine
"These are the times that try men's souls," was written by
Philadelphia
William Howe planned to capture the American capital, which was located in
Valley Forge
Where did the Continental Army endure a winter of terrible suffering?
Saratoga
The French announced support for the United States after the American victory at
Yorktown
King George III began negotiating for peace and agreed to give the Americans their independence after their victory at
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and John Jay
Who represented the Americans at the peace talks in Paris?
Tories
Americans who remained loyal to Great Britain were called Loyalists or
Nathan Hale
To spy on the British, __________ disguised himself as a teacher. He was subsequently caught and executed by the British. Just before his hanging, he reportedly said, "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."
Marquis de Lafayette
Name the French nobleman who became Washington's trusted aide.
John Paul Jones
Which Patriot supposedly replied, "I have not yet begun to fight!" when asked if he was ready to surrender during the the epic battle between the 42-gun Bonhomme Richard (American) and the 50-gun British frigate HMS Serapis?
money
The Hessians fought for
Treaty of Paris (1783)
The Revolutionary War officially ended with the
returned to Mount Vernon
After the war, George Washington
Northwest Ordinance
What law established the Ohio River as the boundary between free and slave territory west of the Appalachian Mountains?
13
The Articles of Confederation had to be approved by all __________ states.
9
Under the Articles of Confederation, how many states' votes did Congress need to pass a law?
Articles of Confederation
What was America's first constitution called?
Land Ordinance of 1785
The ____________________ divided lands in the West north of the Ohio River into townships six miles long and six miles wide
tax
America's central government under the Articles of Confederation could not pay its debts because it lacked the power to ____________________ the states or American citizens.
Mississippi
Control and use of the ____________________ River was a major issue between the United States and Spain in the 1780s and 1790s.
Daniel Shays
The 1786-1787 rebellion of farmers in western Massachusetts was led by __________.
First Continental Congress
After the passage of the "Intolerable Acts", delegates from 12 colonies gathered in Philadelphia in September of 1774 in what came to be called the __________.
First Continental Congress
The __________ resumed the boycott of British goods, sent a declaration of colonial rights to London, and agreed to reconvene in 1775 if Parliament failed to address their grievances.
Battle of Lexington and Concord
When the Second Continental Congress met in May of 1775, the __________ had already occurred.
1775
The Battle of Lexington and Concord was fought on April 19 of what year?
confederation
A group of states that delegate (give) a little power to a weak central government, but keep most of their individual sovereignty is called a (an) __________.
Shays's Rebellion
__________ -- the 1786-1787 uprising in western Massachusetts ultimately caused by a severe hard currency (gold and silver) shortage and triggered by property seizures and people being placed in debtors' prison. It was part of an ongoing conflict between coastal and backcountry residents aggravated by the spreading Market Revolution. This event helped convince many leaders of the need for a stronger central government.
constitution
The blueprint or plan for a government is called a (an) __________.
Sovereignty
__________ is the power to rule.
ordinance
A (An) __________ is a law.
Yorktown
The American Revolution was essentially over after British General Cornwallis was forced to surrender at __________.
Saratoga
The British loss at the Battle of __________ in 1777 convinced the French to enter the war as American allies.
Valley Forge
Washington and the Continental Army suffered through a tough winter during 1777-1778 at __________.
Bunker Hill (Breed's Hill)
Though the British won the Battle of __________ on June 17, 1775, they suffered a near 50% casualty rate (killed and wounded) and ultimately were forced to withdraw from Boston.
British generals
William Howe, Henry Clinton, and "Gentleman Johnny" Burgoyne were __________ during the Revolution.
Benedict Arnold
__________ and Ethan Allen worked together to capture Fort Ticonderoga from the British on May 10, 1775.
Loyalists
Tories, also known as __________, were the colonists who supported the British during the American Revolution.
Richard Henry Lee
On June 7, 1776, __________ introduced a resolution to the Second Continental Congress calling for independence.
Common Sense
Thomas Paine wrote an influential pamphlet titled __________ which called both for independence and the creation of a democratic republic.
Hessian mercenaries
In 1775, George III ordered the hiring of ______ (German troops) to help put down the rebellion in the colonies.
Olive Branch Petition
In July, 1775 Congress approved the __________. It declared the delegates' loyalty to the King and pleaded for a peaceful resolution to the conflict.
George Washington
The Second Continental Congress voted to create the Continental Army and named ___________ its supreme commander.