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Human Prehistory to the Early Civilization
Types of Remains
Human, animal, artifacts
Types of Fossils
Actual, Imprints, Petrified
before drawing and writing
Since drawing and writing
why is it called the "stone age"
things were made using stone
why is it called the "metal ages"
First three metals?
Things were made from metal. Copper, bronze, then iron
Paleolithic ages - living and occupation
nomadic, hunter and gatherers
What era were the Paleo, Meso, and Neolithic ages in?
Mesolithic age - living
Mesolithic use of Forests
use of wood - building, bow and arrow, handled axes, canoes > travel
Mesolithic Domestication - first animals?
Most inventions, ex. the wheel, were made in what age?
What age was agriculture started?
What is the name for the start of agriculture
What effects were caused by the development of agriculture?
civilization, sedentary living
What effects were caused by the domestication of animals?
food, transportation, clothing
what happens during the ice age?
northern ice caps melt
what is the nickname for the ice age?
what is a land bridge?
The sea level lowers and land is exposed during ice age
what is an interglacial period
imbetween ice age ( what we live in now)
Where was the Early Man found?
Donald Johanson did what?
Discovered almost intact female skeletal remain (Lucy)
Most famous archaeoligist
first skeletal like her ever found
what is a hominid?
Human like creature that can walk up right (doesnt mean they have to)
What is important about the homo habalis and what is it's nick name?
more advanced skeleton found with artifacts, handy man
What is the important about the next skeleton found after the homo habalis, and what was its nick name?
Next advanced skeleton, a little bigger, and worked with fire. (first fire evidence), Peking man
First skeleton everybody agrees is human?
homo sapian early
what is a Neanderthal?
more advanced/recent skeleton found wearing animal skins(a first) and first burial of the dead. - they are interesting because have more "ape like appearance"
What is a cro-magnon
homo sapian, neolithic age man, modern man, historic man
4 great rive valley civilization - rivers
Tigris and Euprates, nile, indus, yellow
Characteristics of a civilization - developemnet of group living?
organization and structured living
largest and best preserved Neolithic site found to date
believed to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world
What developed government?
Need for team work and cooperation > river projects, control river
Divisions of Labor? (jobs)
farmers, traders, merchants, atrisans, priests, leaders
What effects are there of a Food Surplus
Population grows > Trade
Calender was invented why?
farming - keep track of flooding and seasons
What was the purpose of writing>
keep records, transactions
Roles of early males
hunt and gather, defend, secret religous ritiuals
Roles of early females
hunt and gather, defend, child bearing > women "gift of life", cook, make clothes.
Between males and females, who originally had the higher status?
Females, because they gave life.