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Terms in this set (19)

1. Technology and the industrialization of farming have enabled food production to be increased but this has led to vast human population growth which is overwhelming the natural world and will lead to a catastrophe unless we chose to control population growth. In rich countries industrialization and technology has enabled us to plunder natural resources such as coal, oil and gas at an accelerating rate. This has enabled us to satisfy greedy instincts but the environmental damage being done is enormous. Landfill sites and litter are evidence of this wastefulness and carelessness.
2. The immediate consequence of transport activities on the environment where the cause and effect relationship is generally clear and well understood. For instance, noise and carbon monoxide emissions are known to have direct harmful effects. The secondary effects of transport activities on environmental systems. They are often of higher consequence than direct impacts, but the involved relationships are often misunderstood and more difficult to establish. For instance, particulates are mostly the outcome of incomplete combustion in an internal combustion engine are indirectly linked with respiratory and cardiovascular problems since they contribute among other factors to such conditions.
3. The environmental impact of the energy industry is diverse. Energy has been harnessed by human beings for millennia. Initially it was with the use of fire for light, heat, cooking and for safety, and its use can be traced back at least 1.9 million years. In recent years there has been a trend towards the increased commercialization of various renewable energy sources.