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Fitness and nutrition
Terms in this set (91)
I dont care about getting fir and though everyone else keeps telling me i need to start walking i have no plans to change. Which stage of of vhange am I?
I went to the gym for thr first time today. Which stage of change am I?
Name the 6 areas of wellness
Which principle of physical fitness explains that if I don't use my muscle they will atrophy?
Joe takes off extremely quickly in response to the starter pistol. Which skill related component of physical fitness is this?
Kara can run 8 miles without any trouble what health related component of physical fitness is this?
Define muscular strength
The wellness continuum from ________ (worst) to ________ (best).
Inversible damage to optimal
What does FITT stand for
What is the health related component of physical fitness defined by ones ability to move joints through their full range of motion?
What is the metabolic equation (METs) for light walking?
<3 moderate /light
What should you do after a workout to allow your heart rate, breathing rate, and temperature to return to normal?
What is the range f minutes recommended per day to reach health benefits of exercise?
The US government recommends _______ minutes of moderate to intense exercise or _______ minutes of vigorous exercise per week
Name 2 common exercise college students use for not changing unhealthy eating behaviors ?
Stress; only serve certain things at cafe
What is a negative mindset elderly people might possess that keep them from being physically active?
Their bones are fragile
Blood enters the ______ from the body
From there blood is pumped into the
The blood is then pumped through the ________ to the lungs.
Blood from the lungs enters the heart through the ______ .
This is then pumped the blood into the ______ .
This area fills, contracts and pumps blood out of the heart through aorta to the _____.
Rest of the body
What is the term for the ventricle contracting and blood leaving the heart
What is the term ventricle relaxing and blood filling the heart
Arteries carry blood ______ the heart
Veins carry ______ the heart.
The immediate energy system provides us with energy from two sources what are they?
ATP and Creatine phosphate
Which energy system provides us with the fuel to complete a 400 yard spring; which take about 1 minute and 30 seconds
Scott has a resting heartrate of 72; is this healthy heartrate? State yes or no, and then provide the acceptable range of heart rate.
Yes and 50-90 bmp
What is the end product of the nonoxidate breakdown of glucose that causes increased acidity in the muscle and blood leading to fatigue?
Which increased fitness, your stroke volume should
Provide 3 benefits of improving cardiovascular endurance
Increase in stroke volume
Increase in HDL cholesterol
Increase in cardiac output
What is the measure for the amount of oxygen one takes in and uses during cardiovascular exercise?
Brittle joints lack calcium
Name the two easiest way to gauge how hard you worked during an exercise bout
Talk test; heart rate/heart procedure exertion
What is the term for your body when everything is stable and consistent?
What is the calculation that determines the maximum heart rate you should reach during workout
220 minus age
George has not workout in the last 10 years. He wants to improve his cardiovascular fitness.
Overload, progression, and specificity
Name the 3 categories of muscles in your body
Skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
Name 3 physiological benefits of resistance training
Reduce body fat
Candace is really quick. She can do 120 butt kicks in 30 seconds. What type of muscles does she likely have
Wall sit or planks
Using machine that keeps the weight consistent throughout the movement
Exercise using free weights
I want to get stronger; should I lift more weight fewer times or less weight more times
I lift more weight fewer times
How does the Golgi tendon impact flexibility?
It is responsible for triggering relaxation of the muscle to relieve excessive tension or force within a muscle.
Name 3 components of your body that would be classified as fat free
Skin, muscle, bones
What is the primary fuel source for your brain
Which micronutrients provide energy and protects internal organs
Which micronutrients is considered the building block of muscle bones and Tissue
Healthy heart rate
Benefits of exercise
Increase bone mass
Easy aging process
Components of physical fitness
Stages of change
Adaption to train overload
3-6 is moderate
Use it or lose it
Components of exercise program
Health related components
Rest and recover
What is blood pressure
The pressure that blood exerts the wall of blood vessel
Healthy blood pressure
Cardio respiratory fitness
Supply oxygen and nutrients to larger muscle groups
Should you work small or large muscles first
Which type of muscle fiber depends on oxygen and contract relatively slow
Slow twitch muscle fiber
What is the functional unit comprised of a motor neuron and muscle fiber
What nervous system receptor triggers relaxation
Moving slowly into a stretch and holding it for long time
Back: maintain neck
Side: maintain spine
Amount of fat and lean tissue in the body
Essential fat men
Slow gain of weight
Unreliable way to measure
Measure weight and height
What are nutrients
Chemical compounds that supply the energy and raw materials for survival
What is too much sodium
What are healthy fats
What are indigestible carbohydrates in the diet that speed the passage of partially digested food
What micronutrients must those with diabetes reduce
Three eating disorder
Three response for stress
Ability to not turn off stress response
What are the 3 means of coping
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