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PSY 2012 Final
Terms in this set (50)
Contemporary psychology is best defined as the science of
behavior and mental processes.
Dr. Ochoa develops tests to accurately identify the most qualified job applicants in a large manufacturing firm. Which psychological specialty does Dr. Ochoa's work best represent?
The specialist required to have a medical degree is a
Dr. MacPherson believes that the way students organize and think about the information in their textbooks will strongly influence their ability to later remember and use what they have studied. Dr. MacPherson's ideas most directly exemplify the _____ perspective.
Clinical psychologists are most likely to be involved in
providing therapy to people in emotional distress.
In order to determine whether the strength of people's self-esteem is related to their income levels, researchers would most likely make use of
Which of the following techniques would be the most effective way of investigating how patrons at a particular grocery store feel about their shopping experience?
Which of the following methods is best suited to studying cause-effect relations?
In order to assess the influence of self-esteem on interpersonal attraction, researchers either insulted or complimented college students about their physical appearance just before they went on a blind date. In this research, the dependent variable consisted of
If you want to reduce the likelihood of any preexisting differences between the groups of participants assigned to different conditions in an experiment you should use
Alana suffered a brain disease that destroyed the major parts of her temporal lobes. Alana is most likely to suffer
from some loss of auditory perception
The broadest way to classify the nervous system is to differentiate between the ______ nervous systems.
central and peripheral
The _____ is the part of the neuron that receives information. The _____ is the part of the neuron that transmits information.
If a researcher lesions the amygdala of a laboratory rat, it is most likely that the rat will become
Max had a stroke, and he now finds that he has little feeling in his right hand and arm. It is likely that Max's stroke destroyed some of the neurons in his
An action potential refers to a
neural impulse and recovery.
A mother who consistently responds to her infant's cries for care and protection is most likely to encourage
Lisa attempts to retrieve her bottle after her father hides it under a blanket. This suggests that Lisa has developed a sense of
Three year-old John was upset that his sister had two cookies and he only had one. When John's mother broke his cookie in half, though, John felt that things were fair again because he now had two pieces. According to Piaget, John is lacking
Which of the following represents the correct sequence through Piaget's stages of cognitive development?
sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, formal operations
According to Erikson, achieving a sense of identity is the special task of the
Parents who are demanding and yet sensitively responsive to their children are said to be
Learning is best defined as
a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience.
Joe's parents gave him a new video game when he earned an A in math. The video game is an example of a(n)
By learning to associate a squirt of water with an electric shock, sea snails demonstrate the process of
Without any explicit training from adults, many 8 year-old children know how to turn the ignition key in order to start their parents' car. This best illustrates the importance of
The ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and similar stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus is called
In which form of learning is behavior said to be influenced by its consequences?
Short-term memory, when used for thinking and problem solving, is also best known as
Conscious memory of factual information is called
Usha's mother asked her to pick up 12 items at the grocery store. Classic research on short-term memory suggests that Usha is most likely to remember about ____ of those items.
Judy is embarrassed because she suddenly cannot remember a friend's name. Judy's problem most likely results from an error in
As compared with long-term memory, short-term memory is _____ permanent and _____ limited in storage capacity.
For a moment after hearing his dog's high-pitched bark, Mr. Silvers has a vivid auditory impressions of his dog's yelp. His experience most clearly illustrates ____ memory.
The behavioral perspective on personality argues that personality is
a product of learned and observed behaviors.
Which is the highest level of Maslow's hierarchy of needs?
Stable qualities that a person shows across time and situations are called
Freud's theory of personality has been criticized because it
Mrs. Sunstedt believes that parents should accept and try to understand their children's feelings and should honestly disclose their own inner feelings to their children. Her approach to a parent-child interaction most clearly aligns with
Mrs. Alfieri believes that her husband's irritability toward her results from his unconscious feelings of hostility toward his own mother. Mrs. Alfieri is interpreting her husband's behavior from a(n) _____ perspective.
Over the course of several years, Matthew has had periods where he is overwhelmed by feelings of intense apprehension. During these episodes he cannot catch his breath and his heart races. These episodes are so frightening that Matthew lives in constant fear of having another one. Matthew most likely suffers from
an anxiety disorder.
Norby, an 18 year-old college freshman, has missed almost all his classes during the past month. He spends most of his time in his bedroom, frequently not bothering to get dressed or eat. He thinks his whole life has been a failure and blames himself for being an outcast. He is most likely suffering from
a mood disorder.
Disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity are most characteristic of _____ disorders.
What is a common symptom of schizophrenia?
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) would be most useful for deciding whether
Max is insane.
Conformity and compliance studies have suggested that social influences are
Arturo believes that most young women from California are extremely attractive and laid back. Arturo's beliefs are examples of
Beliefs and feelings that predispose us to respond in particular ways to objects, people, and events are called
Blaming your friend's auto accident on being a careless person instead of weather conditions is an example of making
an internal attribution
_____ refers to the tendency for an observer of an emergency to withhold aid if the emergency is being observed by a number of other people.
The bystander effect
Recommended textbook explanations
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