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Unit 1 Holocaust
Terms in this set (23)
The murder of six million Jews by the Nazis and their collaborators. Gypsies, Poles, people with physical and mental disabilities, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Soviet prisoners of war, and political dissidents were among other victims of Hitler's regime. The word "Shoah" is the modern Hebrew equivalent.
The destruction of an ethnic, religious, or national group of people to the extent that they no longer exist as a defined unit.
Polish Jew. Escaped the Holocaust. Coined the therm "genocide" in 1944 after studying what happened to the Armenians and looking at his own situation. Geno-"Race" Cide-"Killing, Murder"
Rights (such as freedom from unlawful imprisonment, torture, and execution) regarded as belonging to all human beings.
A group of people who are distinguished from other groups of people on the basis of certain physical features.
-Skin color, eye and bone structure
-The concept/idea of "race" has been constructed by human beings. Modern scientists consider the concept of "race" to be a false one.
The belief that the people of one racial group are superior in intelligence and other qualities to people of other races.
The practice of discrimination, segregation, and persecution of a group based on that group's race
A group of people who have a shared historical or cultural background that leads them to identify with each other.
The expulsion, imprisonment, or killing of an ethic minority group by a dominant majority group in order to achieve ethnic purity or dominance.
Prejudging or making a decision about a person or group of people without sufficient knowledge.
It;s an attitude, feeling, or thought
Prejudicial thinking is frequently based on stereotypes
An oversimplified generalization about a person nor group of people without regard for individual differences.
Even seemingly positive stereotypes that link a person or group to a specific trait can have negative consequences.
The denial of equal treatment to individuals based on their group membership.
-Its a behavior, an action
-When you act upon your prejudice, then you are discriminating
Discrimination or persecution of Jews specifically
-Hebrew (the sacred language spoken by Jews) is a Semitic language
-Jews are considered a Semitic people
One whose religion is Judaism.
-Jews are not considered a racial group.
-Jews can be considered an ethnic group.
A rather ambiguous term the Nazis primarily applied to people of Northern European racial background. Although never defined, in April 1933, the Nazis defined "non-Aryans" as individuals who had a parent or grandparent who was Jewish.
-Has no biological validity as a racial term. Used by the Nazis to mean a superior, white, Nordic type.
-To the Nazis, the Aryans were the Master Race.
One who is harmed, killed, or made to suffer by another.
One who is present at an event or knows about its occurrence without participating in it.
A participant in the killing of the Jews. Someone who carries out the crime.
Includes all those who were involved even from far away. (architects, railroad officials, businessmen, etc.)
One who works jointly with others; to cooperate with or willingly assist an enemy of one's country.
An innocent person/persons blamed for the problems of another.
Intended to change the manner in which a person or group of people are perceived, reducing the target group to objects or beings not worthy of human rights.
Term used to refer to the total destruction of the Jews.
Extermination calls up images of pests or non-human creatures to be killed by used of pesticides.
The systematic spreading of particular ideas, doctrines, or policies, usually though mass media, to advance (spread) a particular cause or person.
Someone who has lost or been driven from his/her home to escape persecution and is homeless
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