50 terms

Beekeeping Final

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Terms in this set (...)

sudden complete absence of bees in a colony
colony collapse disorder
presence of brood, pollen, and honey but adults are gone
colony collapse disorder
first finder of colony collapse disorder
Dave Hackenberg
parasites, viruses and diseases, chemicals, intensive monoculture, cultural practices
synergistic causes of CCD
vectors diseases and is known as the one two punch for honey bees
Varroa mite
parasites also known to aid CCD
tracheal mites
single celled microsporidian
nosema ceranae
20 different types of diseases such as American foulbrood, nosema apis, and chalkbrood
viruses and diseases known to aid CCD
Farmer applied and beekeeper applied: both accumulate in wax of the comb
Chemicals
Crop monoculture and lack of diversity among colonies make for a bad diet
intensive monoculture
750,00 acres
amount of almonds in CA
antibiotics, fungicides, miticides
traditional form of pest management
plant and animal derivatives, probiotics, oils, cultural practices, genetics
sustainable form of pest management
buy products of the hive, eat local honey, eat almonds, eat pollen, eat avocados
Supporting sustainable beekeeping
secretory glands which exude, secrete, or export plant sugars
Nectaries
most are floral (in flowers) and some are extrafloral
nectaries
has nectaries at the base of its branches
cotton
the conductive system supplying nectaries is made up of
xylem and phloem
food conducting vessels
phloem
water conducting vessels
xylem
this ratio is associated with concentrated nectar
high phloem:xylem
this is associated with large amounts of nectar as well
high evapotranspiration
eucalyptus, pussy willow, almond
January-march
black sage, orange, mustard, avocado, toyon, ceonothis, manzanita
march-may
toyon, yellow starthistle, bluecurl, blackwheat, alfalfa, cotton, clover, mustard
june-september
nectar and pollen availability, access, pesticides. pests and predator, southern exposure
factors for managing honey production
treat varroa mite, medicate for AFB with terramycin, requeen if necessary, provide adequate stores
Early fall management
Feed sugar syrup, feed pollen patties, control ants
Winter managment
take hives with 8 frames to CA almonds ($80-150 per hive), may need to feed sugar syrup
first week of february
bring back plugged two story hives. pull 3-5 frames from each colony. these divides make up for winter losses
mid march management
make sure colonies are queen right, and put on honey supers. remove honey and sell
April and may management
50% less bees
want for sustainable beekeeping
produced by bees about 14 days old
beeswax
is synthesized and secreted by 4 pairs of wax glands on workers abdomen(ventral Side)
beeswax
wax turns yellow with
light use of bees
beeswax becomes tan after
the first brood cycle
comb turns black/brown
several years of use
burning candles in lamps for illumination and cire-perdue wax castings for bronze statues
historical uses of beeswax
what is used for Dred locks
Rasta man beauty products
where does the best grade of beeswax come from
the cappings
20-25 pounds of wax per how much honey produced
one ton of honey
the bits of bur comb and scrapings
second best wax
wax from old rendered frames of comb
last grade of beeswax
human nutritional supplements (tablets, oral liquids, candy bars)
Pollen market uses
feeding to bees and to race horses
other pollen market uses
raw pollen is collecting by
forcing bees to crawl through screens that scrape pollen grains off legs
blowing air past falling, cascading granaules
cleaning raw pollen
in us, 2-6 dollars a pound. in new Zealand, 26.00 per pound
propolis
primarily used in china as an additive to food along with honey. north America and Europe feature it in cosmetcis
Royal Jelly
western medicine is not a proponent of it for rheumatoid arthritis, carpel tunnel MS. Eastern Medicine uses it non stop
Apitherapy or bee sting therapy