Terms in this set (11)
Theory of Evolution
the process of change over time. Living things evolve in response to changes in their environment
known as the "Father of Evolution" author of "On Origin of Species." The first person to describe Natural Selection.
Before Darwin, recognized that species change over time, but thought the mechanism was acquired traits which could be passed onto offspring.
the process by which desirable traits are passed on to offspring which can eventually evolve into a new species
also known as selective breeding. When humans breed crops or animals to exhibit desirable traits.
a trait or structure that improves an organism's chance for reproduction and survival
a group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring.
the evolutionary process by which a new species arises
structures or attributes that have apparently lost most or all of their ancestral function in a given species, but have been retained through evolution. Examples include the appendix in humans and hips in whales.
any fossilized remains of a life form that exhibits traits common to both an ancestral group and its derived descendant group.
Is the system used to organize all life on Earth. This system allows scientists to examine the relationships between various organisms and to construct evolutionary trees to explore the origin of life.