Study Guide for Chapter 32
Terms in this set (20)
The Europeans wanted to travel to Asia. Why?
The goods from Asia were desired for trade.
Monarchs wanted a sea route to Asia. Why?
Monarchs wanted to break the hold Muslims and Italians had on trade.
What field of activity is the use of lines of latitude and longitude?
The ability to sail through shallow water was made easier with what advance in technology?
A new type of ship called a caravel that were small, fast, and easy to maneuver.
Who started a school for sailors that changed Europeans' view of the world?
What is the definition of the word cartography?
The science and art of making maps
What explorer show that goods could be brought back to their country from India by ship?
Vasco da Gama
Explorers from Portugal brought back what product from Africa to Europe?
What did Colonial landowners do when they needed a new source of labor?
They turned to African slaves for this, because the other laborers died from starvation, being overworked or from diseases.
Who was the first explorer, with his crew, to sail around the tip of South America?
Spanish explorers introduced what food from South America to Europe?
What were the main goals of Spanish conquistadors?
The main goals were to expand the empire and bring products for trade back to Spain.
Who won in the conflict between Hernan Cortes and the Aztecs?
What made winning more likely or possible?
Cortes was aided by the Aztecs allies.
Define the would inflation
An increase in the supply of money
How did exploration lead to inflation in Europe?
Gold and silver were made more available
The Hudson River is named for Henry Hudson. What was he looking for when he found the river?
He was looking for a northern sea route from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
What made it possible for there to be more Dutch and English colonies?
Spain and Portugal had not already explored North America giving more land to be claimed.
Under a system known as mercantilism, European countries wanted their colonies to provide what?
Gold and other resources for wealth.
What two countries sponsored the majority of the early exploration we have been learning about?
Portugal and Spain