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American Gov A.P. Chapter 4 Key words
Terms in this set (23)
Individual Legal and constitutional protection against the government
Bill of Rights
The first ten Amendments to the Constitution, that guarantee Americas Civil Liberties
The right to free speech, freedom of religion/ separation of church and state/ freedom of the press, the right for peaceful assembly, and to petition to the government for the redress of grievances
No state shall make a law that abridges the privileges or immunity's of U.S. citizens, nor denies any person of life, libertie, or pursiut of happiness
Due Process Clause
Part of the Fourteenth Amendment guaranteeing that persons cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property by the United States or state governments without due process of law.
legal concept where the supreme court made the Bill of right applicable to the states through fourteenth amendment
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.
Free Exercise Clause
prohibits the abridgment citizens right to worship or not worship as they please
The Government has no ability to stop someone to stop someone from publishing something due to its content. After it is published, however, they can take measures to deal with illegal content or libel.
The First Amendment does not protect false statements that are malicious in nature and damaging to someones reputation
Actions that are of a symbolic meaning, and are protected bu freedom of speech (ex. burning a flag)
The act of advertising something on t.v and radio, this type of speech is much more limited, such as the advertisement of cigarettes.
Before making an arrest, police need to have reasonable grounds to believe someone is guilty of a crime.
Unreasonable Searches and Seizures
No searches and seizures without probable cause. (reasonable grounds)
The ability to search a home or belongings must be obtained by a judge, and must have probable cause, and must specify the area and material sought.
All evidence has to obtained legally, through the correct process.
Forbids self incrimination in court
No person or persons may be forced to be a witness against oneself.
The right to a lawyer or counsel in a court of law.
Where a defendants lawyer strikes a deal with the prosecutor, and the defendant pleads guilty to a lesser crime in exchange for the state not to prosecute for a greater crime.
Forbids cruel and unusual punishments
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
No punishments that are seen as cruel, or unusual can be issued. , A criminal sanction or penalty that is not in accord with the moral standards of a humane and compassionate society. The Eighth Amendment prohibits such punishments.
Right of Privacy
A right implied by the freedoms stated in the Bill of Rights that grants individuals a degree of personal privacy upon which government cannot lawfully intrude. The right gives individuals a level of free choice in areas such as reproduction and intimate relations.
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