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Vocab Unit 1-3 Level F

STUDY
PLAY
approbation
(n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval
assuage
(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve, calm, satisfy
coalition
(n.) a combination, union, alliance
decadence
(n.) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence
elicit
(v.) to bring forth, draw out, evoke, educe
expostulate
(v.) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning; protest, complain
hackneyed
(adj.) used so often as to lack freshness or originality; banal, trite
hiatus
(n.) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing), lacuna
innuendo
(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)
intercede
(v.) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement
jaded
(adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)
lurid
(adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint
meritorious
(adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise
petulant
(adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
prerogative
(n.) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence
provincial
(n.), (adj.) narrow-minded, a soilder from a province
simulate
(v.) to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of
transcend
(v.) to rise above or beyond, exceed
umbrage
(n.) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; and overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion
unctuous
(adj.) excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
ameliorate
(v.) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming
aplomb
(n.) poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity
bombastic
(adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas
callow
(adj.) without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise
drivel
(n.), (v.) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense; to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly
epitome
(n.) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
exhort
(v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly
ex officio
(adj., adv.) by virtue of holding a certain office
infringe
(v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
ingratiate
(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
interloper
(n.) one who moves in where he or she in not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
intrinsic
(adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part
inveigh
(v.) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval
lassitude
(n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
millennium
(n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy
occult
(adj.) (v.) (n.) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; to hide, conceal; eclipse; matters involving the supernatural
permeate
(v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through
precipitate
(v.) (adj.) (n.) to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height, to give distinct form to; characterized by excessive haste; moisture; the product of an action or process
stringent
(adj.) strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste
surmise
(v.) (n.) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess;likely idea that lacks definite proof
abominate
(v.) to have an intense dislike or hatred for
acculturation
(n.) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
adventitious
(adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital
ascribe
(v.) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute
circuitous
(adj.) roundabout, not direct
commiserate
(v.) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress
enjoin
(v.) to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit
expedite
(v.) to make easy, cause to progress faster
expiate
(v.) to make amends, make up for; to avert
ferment
(n.) (v.) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence;to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action
inadvertent
(adj.) resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental
nominal
(adj.) existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
noncommittal
(adj.) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no
peculate
(v.) to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use
proclivity
(n.) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)
sangfroid
(n.) composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances
seditious
(adj.) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government
tenuous
(adj.) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported
vitriolic
(adj.) bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)
wheedle
(v.) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end