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bio 1407 final
Terms in this set (56)
organism 1 has 6 offspring, 4 of them die before they reach sexual maturity. organism 2 has 1 offspring, it survives to reproduce. organism 3 has 3 offspring; all of them survive to reproduce. organism 4 has 4 offspring, 2 of them die before they reach sexual maturity. which organism has the greatest fitness?
when you put a finger next to a newborn's hand, the child will grasp and hold on to that finger. what is this an example of?
innate behavior; every newborn does it
some behaviors are controlled by genes.
a pigeon flies away every time someone get too close to it. after many days of this, the pigeon eventually ignores the people around it and continues foraging for food. this is an example of what type of learning?
habituation; gets used to it
operation migration, in an attempt to save the whooping cranes population, used what learning techniques in order to get the cranes to migrate?
imprinting; who the birds see first
chickadee birds exhibit a remarkable ability to remember the hiding locations of seeds they have hidden based on visual cues in the surrounding environment. what type of learning are chickadees using to remember seed locations?
spatial learning; remembers locations
migrating animals use ________ to find their way to their new homes.
trial and error learning is what type of learning
what process do animals that exhibit problem solving behaviors use
monkey see monkey do is a type of which learning process
the tree in your backyard is home to 2 cardinals, a colony of ants, a wasp's nest, 2 squirrels, and millions of bacteria. together, all of these organisms living in the tree represent a ___
community; tree is the ecosystem
which is an example of population
group of cheetahs
lions & tigers & bears
everything from the north to south poll
silent spring was published in 1962 to bring attention to the effect of DDT on the environment. who wrote it
a species of plant is introduced to a garden. it grows quickly and begins to crowd out the other plants already in the garden. this new plant is considered a
population ecology studies the interactions of
a population and how it interacts with its environment
population size decreases due to death and
as individuals emigrate out of the population
wolves are highly territorial animals and will fight to keep other wolves out of their territory. what type of dispersion pattern would they exhibit?
as medical knowledge has increased, the infant morality rate has decreased and we have lived longer lives. what type of survivability curve would demonstrate this trend
type 1; humans are always type 1
a particular group of fungi are restricted to growing in a region of the forest where soil is moist and nutrient rich. resources in other areas of the forest are not as favorable. what type of dispersion would you expect the fungal group to have
a population has a survival rate of 0.14% at the early stages of life, a rate of 0.46% in the middle stages of life, and 0.4% survival rate in the later stages of life. what type of survivability curve does this population exhibit?
plants that rely on external conditions for reproduction dispersal (including wind, other animals, or insects) exhibit what type of dispersion
what would be the survival rate of a population with 325 individualist only 175 survive to the next age interval
true or false: the exponential growth model describes realistic population growth
carrying capacity refers to
the maximum population size
intraspecific competition is
competition between individuals of same population
interspecific competition is
competition between 2 populations
intraspecific competition is a
density- dependent factor
weather changes, habitat destruction, fires, storms, (changes in environment to hurt the population)
life history traits
age of first reproduce
number of offspring
frequency of reproduction
amount of parental care
early sexual maturity
large # of offspring
little parental care
produce few offspring
lots of parental care
humans are an example of
interspecific competition occurs when
both population need a resource that is in short supply
niches of population overlap
when one organism has a detrimental effect on another organism, we often see what happening to the two species
the sea otter feeds on sea urchins. when the sea otter is removed from the environment, the sea urchins grow out of control and eat up the habitats kelp. the sea otter is an example of
how much energy is transferred between the trophic levels
thorns on plants are an evolutionary adaptation that evolved because of
which doesn't define behavior
modification of actions as a result of specific experiences
male stickleback fish show aggressive behavior to anything with the color red that enters its territory during breeding season. this is an example of
innate behavior; born with it
courtship behavior of fruit flies shows to be highly controlled by
genetics; genes can control behavior
involve loss of response to a repeated stimulus
habituation; simplest form of learning
operation migration whooping cranes was successful due to conservations understanding and implementing
imprinting; learning that takes place at early stages.
which of the following organisms has not demonstrated problem solving
digger wasps; spatial learning
abiotic is not
a desert region includes several species of cacti, brush, mice, snakes, some rocky terrain, and rainfall of less than 4 inches per year. this describes
_____ refers to individuals moving out of the population
organisms that are very territorial will have what type of dispersion
which growth model represents realized population growth due to limited sources?
logistic growth model; density dependent
the more two populations overlap competition ______ and carrying capacity ______
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