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40 terms

study guide for THE ODYSSEY

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laertes
father of odysseus, a hermit, former king of Ithica
Teresias
blind prophet, dead, in hades
Ithica
kingdow of odysseus, island in greese
troy
setting of the trojan war which called odysseus away on the day of his sons birth
laestrygonians
giants, tried to sink odysseus' ship, cannabils
hermes
messenger god, saves odysseus, gave odysseus molly
alcinous
phaecian king, helped odysseus, told the story of oddyseus
poseidon
sea god, does not pity odysseus, causes him trouble on return to ithica
circe
sorceress, turns men into swine, keeps odysseus for 1 year
polyphemus
cyclopes, blinded by odysseus, eats some of odysseus' men
athene
goddess of wisdom, patron of odysseus
helen
beautiful, kidnapped by Paris, causes the trojan war
eurymachas
chief suitor, enemy of telimicus, killed by tellemuchus
scylla
6 headed monster, killed 6 men
aeolus
wind god, gave odysseus bag of winds
elpenor
sailor, fell of roof while drunk/reunited in underworld
swine
pig, odysseus' men were transformed to swine by circe
cicones
fighters, killed 2 men
ino
sea nymph, helps odysseus
sirens
half woman half bird, lure sailors into dangerous waters
calypso
goddess, beautiful, keeps odysseus for 8 years
menalaus
king of sparta, husband of helen
homer
blind poet, author of THE ODYSSEY
telemachus
son of odysseus, killed euremachus
unfaithful servants
cleaned halls then hung
hades
underworld, visited by odysseus
trojan war
started by paris, helen kidnapped
odysseus
king of ithica, wander of the world
argos
odysseus' old dog
charbydis
monster whirpool
helious
sun god who loved cattle
antinous
chief suitor, talker
zeus
king of gods king of sky
lotus
magical plant that caused men to forget about home
eumaes
swine herder, helped odysseus
penelope
wife of odysseus, loyal and faithful
beggar disguise
used by odysseus given by athene
odysseus/penelope secret
treebed- only they had seen it
shroud weaving
ploy used by penelope, used to stall
archery contest
odysseus won, string the bow and shoot through cleanly through axe handles