Film Chapter 1

Chapter 1 study guide for history of film
Magic Lantern
Crude projector using a candle and a still image
Eadward Muybridge
Created first motion picture to see if horse had all feet off ground at once
Persistence of Vision
Visual Illusions, brain is always catching up to what our eye sees
Black Maira/Thomas Edison
First crude studio for Edison that could turn to optimize use of sunlight
William Dickson
Chief engineer for Edison, didnt get proper credit
First camera
Auguste Lumiere
Invented a machine to project motion pictures
The Kiss
Film of couple kissing, considered porn at the time
The arrival of a train
Lumiere Brothers made it, amazed viewers, scared them at the sight of train about to run them over
First Projector
Edwin S. Porter
Made the great train robbery
George Melies
Made a trip to the moon
Parallel Editing
Edwin S. Porter created, first of its class
Moving the camera over a large area
Special Effects
Created by George Melies. Primitive splicing between frames.
Peep show machines in parlors that showed short videos 1905
Famous Players/Lasky
Motion picture distribution company that merged with Adolf Zukor film company
Film D'Art
French films, serious,aimed at niche market
Sarah Bernhardt
Was in "Queen Elizabeth"
Charles Pathe
Major film company of news reels
Leon Gaumont
Company like Pathe, one of two biggest film companies in France
Adolph Zukor
Founder of paramount Pictures with Jesse Lasky, first big studio in Hollywood
With films becoming longer a narrative was required to keep audiences attention
What nations led the way in the early days of the history of film?
France, USA, Germany
What was Thomas Edison's contribution to film history?
Thomas Edison contributed inventions and equipment.
What was Edwin Porters contribution to film history?
Edwins S Porters contribution was directing the Great Train Robbery and developed the narrative concept of films and cross cutting.
What was the difference between the early French film industry and the American industry?
French films were more creative and free form