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Chapter 1 study guide for history of film

Magic Lantern

Crude projector using a candle and a still image

Eadward Muybridge

Created first motion picture to see if horse had all feet off ground at once

Persistence of Vision

Visual Illusions, brain is always catching up to what our eye sees

Black Maira/Thomas Edison

First crude studio for Edison that could turn to optimize use of sunlight

William Dickson

Chief engineer for Edison, didnt get proper credit


First camera

Auguste Lumiere

Invented a machine to project motion pictures

The Kiss

Film of couple kissing, considered porn at the time

The arrival of a train

Lumiere Brothers made it, amazed viewers, scared them at the sight of train about to run them over


First Projector

Edwin S. Porter

Made the great train robbery

George Melies

Made a trip to the moon

Parallel Editing

Edwin S. Porter created, first of its class


Moving the camera over a large area

Special Effects

Created by George Melies. Primitive splicing between frames.


Peep show machines in parlors that showed short videos 1905

Famous Players/Lasky

Motion picture distribution company that merged with Adolf Zukor film company

Film D'Art

French films, serious,aimed at niche market

Sarah Bernhardt

Was in "Queen Elizabeth"

Charles Pathe

Major film company of news reels

Leon Gaumont

Company like Pathe, one of two biggest film companies in France

Adolph Zukor

Founder of paramount Pictures with Jesse Lasky, first big studio in Hollywood


With films becoming longer a narrative was required to keep audiences attention

What nations led the way in the early days of the history of film?

France, USA, Germany

What was Thomas Edison's contribution to film history?

Thomas Edison contributed inventions and equipment.

What was Edwin Porters contribution to film history?

Edwins S Porters contribution was directing the Great Train Robbery and developed the narrative concept of films and cross cutting.

What was the difference between the early French film industry and the American industry?

French films were more creative and free form

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