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27 terms

government fourth grade

fourth grade social studies government unit. Vocab
STUDY
PLAY
immigrant
to come to another country to live there
population
total number of people who live in one place
rural
country-side, farm areas
urban
city living
suburbs
towns and small cities near a large city
patriotism
love of country
symbols of patriotism
liberty bell, bald eagle, and statue of liberty
government
system of leaders and laws for a community, state or nation
democracy
people elect leaders to govern them
legislative branch
makes the laws
executive branch
carries out the laws
judicial branch
makes sure the laws are carried out fairly
checks and balances
makes sure the branches limit the power of the other branches
majority rule
most votes wins
factors of production
natural, captial and human resources
profit
money left over after the bills are paid
supply
amount of product or services that is available or already made
demand
amount of product or services that people want and will pay for
manufacturing
making of products
service industry
people are paid to do things for other people
economy
the producing, selling & buying that people do
free market
an economy that isn't controlled by the government
Congress
the Senate and the House of Representatives
Senate
where each state has an equal number (2) of representives
House of Representatives
number of representatives that depends on the population of the state
President
leader of the executive branch, leader of the military, elected every four years
Supreme Court
nation's highest court, justices serve for life