Music Appreciation final exam pt 3
Terms in this set (58)
Introduces two contrasting themes, connected by a bridge
Manipulation of original themes into small melodic or rhythmic motives; heavy use of modulation
Restatement of original themes, both written in the tonic key
How many movements are there in a classical sonata?
Either three or Four
In the development section of the sonata form, the tonal center changes frequently. What is this process called?
Music that is created without reference to a dramatic, philosophical, or visual program is called
What is the form of the first movement of a classical symphony?
The style of the classical era was a reaction to the instrumental polyphony of the late baroque period, particularly the music of
J S Bach
Who is often called the "Father of the Symphony"?
Franz Joseph Haydn
Which of the following statements is not true of the "classical" style of music between 1750 and 1800?
It was essentially polyphonic rather than homophonic.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Haydn and Mozart wrote "classical" music but are also known for writing "transitional" music that contained elements from the romantic period.
What form did Beethoven use to eventually replace the minuet in the minuet and trio form?
an extended solo passage, called ____________ , meant to showcase his or her skills at the end of the work.
____________ , or two notes alternating at a very fast rate. This lets the conductor know it is time to bring in the orchestra to end the work.
In classical sonatas, the structure of the first movement is based on ____________ .
the sonata form
In a solo concerto, the soloist is usually positioned to the left of ____________ .
In the classical era, composers continued to develop the solo concerto, while its relative, ____________ , was largely ignored.
the concerto grosso
What happened to the concerto grosso during the classical era?
it was no longer used
What follows the double exposition?
When do cadenzas most often occur in solo concertos?
Toward the end fast movements, typically the first movement
How would a concerto soloist let the conductor know that a cadenza was ending?
The soloist would play a trill.
In a solo concerto, when the exposition repeats and the themes are played by the soloist instead of the orchestra during the repeat, the form is called a
double-exposition sonata form.
A piece written for eight players.
A composition that is assigned a specific number within the collected works of a particular composer.
A piece written for the specific instrumentation of a violin, cello, and piano.
A piece written for the specific instrumentation of two violins, a viola, and a cello.
A musical form in which a first theme returns several times with contrasting music in between.
Generic name for any keyboard instrument.
An Italian composer of many works for the guitar.
Most chamber music is composed for how many instrumentalists?
What happens during the last movement of Haydn's Symphony no. 45?
Musicians snuff out their candles and leave the stage.
The standard instrumentation for the string quartet is
two violins, a viola, and a cello.
Which of the following statements about chamber music is not true?
Most chamber music is intended to be performed without rehearsal.
What was the name of the wealthy family that employed Haydn for 30 years?
A conductor is not used for chamber music because
the instrumentalists can communicate among themselves.
Comedic in nature and sung in Italian, The Marriage of Figaro is an example of this type of opera.
The larger sections of an opera, of which The Marriage of Figaro has four, often with intermissions between them.
The king who tried to ban the original performance of The Marriage of Figaro play because he thought it was too revolutionary
A main character in The Marriage of Figaro, a Spanish nobleman who tries to seduce Susanna.
The smaller sections of an opera, which only allow for minor set changes, without intermission in between.
A main character in The Marriage of Figaro, he is a servant who wants to marry Susanna.
A type of opera, written in German. The Magic Flute is an example of this style, whereas The Marriage of Figaro, written in Italian, is not.
What did Haydn realize after becoming familiar with Mozart's operas?
That his own operas were inferior to Mozart's.
Haydn wrote three oratorios. Which one is the most widely performed today?
Why was The Marriage of Figaro considered controversial?
Because it depicted the aristocracy in an unflattering light.
Operas are usually divided into two to four large sections called
Which type of soprano is prized for her florid and high-pitched sound?
What is unique about Beethovens 5th symphony?
There is a common thematic thread that unifies all four movements.
Began to treat orchestration as an art in itself.
Used common musical ideas to give unity to the various movements of a symphony (also known as cyclic form).
Expanded the size of the orchestra.
Never held a court position, earned his income from public performances and sales of his music to publishers.
invented the mechanisms for pianoforte.
Changed the opera genre by incorporating religious elements into the story plots
Eliminated the use of the timpani from the orchestra.
Saw music as a commercial product that could be used to become a part the aristocratic class.
Which of the following statements is not accurate regarding the third period in Beethoven's career?
He wrote the Ninth Symphony during this time period.
(He learned to write more quickly, with fewer revisions.
He became profoundly deaf during this time period.
The musical ideas he developed during this period influenced the style of the romantic era.
How many symphonys did Beethoven write?
What did Beethoven do in his fifth symphony that had not been done by composers before him?
He introduced cyclic form, which unites the four movements of the symphony by using a common theme.
How did Beethoven's attitude about art influence how many compositions he wrote?
He was very selective about accepting commissions, accepting only those that personally appealed to him.
Which of the following terms means "fast, with vigor and spirit"?
Allegro con brio
What was one way that Beethoven was able to support himself financially?
He received annual stipends from a small circle within aristocratic Viennese society.
embellishments, basso continuo
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