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Vocab

Unit 1
STUDY
PLAY
Habits of mind
ways of thinking that intelligent people use when confronted with problems or issues where solutionsare not immediately apparent
inquiry
a systematic investigation of a matter of public interest
visual thinking
The use of the visual system to gain information from external sources and the interpretation of that sensory data nonverbally. Happens on the right side of our brain.
metacognition
thinking about thinking
depth of knowledge
The quality of a learners vocabulary knowledge. Knowledge of a words semantic relationships with other words, syntactic patterns, collocations, and pronunciation
inquiry
a search for knowledge
analysis
a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders
emulate
compete with successfully
language devices
all the elements of language that are often used to analyze nonfiction instead of fiction or to look at rhetorical aims of a work of fiction
grammatical structures
The grammatical setup of a sentence in terms of a noun, adjectices, verbs etc.
intended effect
The effect that a medication is expected to have on the body.
claim
demand for something as rightful or due
position
the act of positing
cite
call in an official matter, such as to attend court
concede/ concession
to give something up
counter effect
adding trees, vegetation cover, green roofs, cooler pavement
objective
the lens or system of lenses nearest the object being viewed
summarize
give a summary (of)
paraphrase
rewording for the purpose of clarification
synthesis
reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)
tone
a quality of a given color that differs slightly from a primary color
mood
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling
formal language
the standard language of written communication, formal speeches, and presentations; may not use contractions or slang
language register
Language that is used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting ranging from formal to intimate.
diction
the manner in which something is expressed in words
syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
imagery
the ability to form mental images of things or events
speaker
electro-acoustic transducer that converts electrical signals into sounds loud enough to be heard at a distance
audience
a conference (usually with someone important)
message
a communication (usually brief) that is written or spoken or signaled
rhetorical triangle
a diagram that represents a rhetorical situation as the relationship among the speaker, the subject, and the audience
occasion
an event that occurs at a critical time
purpose
what something is used for
topic
some situation or event that is thought about
central idea
a one-sentence statement that sums up or encapsulates the major ideas of a speech
theme vs. meaning
Theme is the subject matter of a conversation or discussion and meaning is what the object is meant for
figures of speech
expressions, such as similes, metaphors, and personifications, that make imaginative, rather than literal, comparisons or associations.
symbol
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
plaigirism
not giving someone credit for their words or ideas
credible
capable of being believed
abstract
a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
acknowledge
accept (someone) to be what is claimed or accept his power and authority
allusion
passing reference or indirect mention
analogy
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
point of view
the spatial property of the position from which something is observed
narrative mode
tells a story
collegial discussion
An exchange of views by associates or members of a profession or organization.
concrete details
Details that relate to or describe actual, specific things or events
connative
logic
denotative
having the power of explicitly denoting or designating or naming
context
discourse that surrounds a language unit and helps to determine its interpretation
conventions
accepted rules of written and spoken language
convey
make known
distinguish
mark as different
logos, pathos, ethos
convince someone to agree with your ideas
explicit
precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable
interence
logical judgement based on circumstantial evidence
narrative techniques
the methods involved in telling a story; the procedures used by a writer of stories or accounts
render
make over as a return
salient point
An important point in an article
qualify
add a modifier to a constituent
text structures
The way in which an author presents the information in his/her story or article. Some of the most common text structures are: chronological order, problem and solution, cause and effect, compare and contrast
thesis
a treatise advancing a new point of view resulting from research
transition
the act of passing from one state or place to the next
relevant evidence
Evidence tending to make a fact at issue in the case more or less probable than it would be without the evidence. Only relevant evidence is admissible in court.
verbals
words that appear to be verbs, but are acting as some other part of speech
subordinate conjunction
a conjunction (like 'since' or 'that' or 'who') that introduces a dependent clause
cumalitive
mad up of sucessive additions
delineate
describe in vivid detail
evaluate
place a value on
analyze
subject to psychoanalytic treatment