Women in Nazi Germany
Q1. What famous phrase expresses the Nazi view of the role of women?
Q2. Why was there such concern with motherhood?
Q3. Name examples of role models of German womanhood.
Q4. Why were more women in paid employment in 1939 than in 1933 ?
different but of equal value
A1. 'Kinder, Kirche, Kuche' (Children, church, kitchen)
A2. there was a general concern about falling birth rates but also a specifically Nazi concern with racial fertility.
A3. Magda Goebbels, blond wife of the minister of Propaganda and mother of his six children; Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, head of the National Socialist Frauenschaft and mother of 4 children.
A4. despite the policies of the early years, when maximising male jobs was a priority labour shortages developed after 1936 and women had to be encourage back to work.
Note - The key principle of the Nazi attitude to women was 'separate spheres' - women were different but of equal value. However, many so-called Nazi views on women were simply those of the 1930s.