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41 terms

Vocabulary #1

Lit divices
STUDY
PLAY
Antagonist
A character or force in conflict with the main character.
Breaking the fourth wall
The space separating the audience from the action of a theatrical performance, traditionally conceived of as an imaginary wall completing the enclosure of the stage.
Bildungsroman
A technique which an author uses to address the audience or reader.
Cause
A type of novel concerned with the education, development, and maturing of a young protagonist.
Climax
The highest point of anything conceived of as growing or developing or unfolding.
Conflict
Opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot).
Man vs. Self
A character with an internal conflict.
Man vs. Man
Two characters in conflict.
Man vs. Nature
A dramatic struggle between a character and something that is caused by nature
Man vs. Society
A character has a conflict or problem with some element of society - the school, the law, etc.
Effect
A result of the cause.
Falling Action
The events after the climax which close the story.
Flashback
A scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present.
Foil Character
A character who is used as a contrast to another character; the contrast emphasizes the differences between the two characters, bringing out the distinctive qualities in each.
Foreshadowing
The use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot.
Genre
A kind of literary or artistic work.
Imagery
The ability to form mental images of things or events, language that appeals to the senses.
Irony
Incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs.
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity.
Mood
The feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.
Personification
The act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
Plot
A secret scheme to do something (especially something underhand or illegal).
Point Of View
The spatial property of the position from which something is observed.
First person
Pronouns and verbs used to refer to the speaker or writer of the language in which they occur; the narrator is a character in the story.
Third person
Pronouns and verbs that are used to refer to something other than the speaker or addressee of the language in which they occur;, Point of view in which the narrator is outside of the story - an observer
Third person omniscient
Writer is not in the story but knows and decribes all the character's thoughts and ideas.
Third person limited omniscient
This type of point of view presents the feelings and thoughts of only one character, presenting only the actions of all remaining characters
Third person objective
The narrator is an outsider who can report only what he or she sees and hears. This narrator can tell us what is happening, but he can't tell us the thoughts of the characters.
Protagonist
The principal character in a work of fiction; Main character.
Purpose
The reason being; One's intention or objective in a speech or piece of writing.
Resolution
Finding a solution to a problem.
Rising action
Events leading up to the climax.
Setting
Where the story takes place.
Simile
A figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as').
Static Character
A character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end.
Style
A way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period.
Subplot
A minor plot that relates in some way to the main story.
Symbolism
The practice of investing things with symbolic meaning.
Theme
An idea that occurs various times in a piece of literary work.
Tone
The quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author.
Voice
The fluency, rhythm and liveliness in writing that makes it unique to the writer.