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Consonants produced with resonance throughout entire vocal tract; little turbulence in airstream; low-frequency spectra (pitch).
Consonants produced with constriction in oral cavity; turbulence in airstream; higher frequency spectra (pitch).
Place of articulation
Which articulators are employed in production of a phoneme; location of constriction in vocal tract in production of consonant.
Consonant characterized by: (1) complete obstruction of the outgoing airstream; (2) increased intraoral pressure; and (3) release of the pressure. Closure of oral cavity and VP is due to constriction at the lips, alveolar ridge, or velum.
Consonant produced by forcing breath stream through narrow channel formed by two separate articulators in vocal tract.
Consonant produced with constriction formed by tongue blade and the hard palate, slightly posterior to constriction formed during production of alveolar consonants.
Consonant produced with obstruction in vocal tract; less obstruction than that associated with obstruents or nasals, but greater than that associated with vowels; glide or liquid.
Consonant characterized by continued, gliding motion of the articulators into the following vowel; also "semi-vowel."
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