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Art 28A - Web Design

Art 28A - Introduction to Web Page Design with instructor L. Collier. Class required at LCC for AS in Digital Graphic Design. Also reference "Teach Yourself Visually: Adobe Dreamweaver CS5" by Janine Warner
STUDY
PLAY
AP Divs
Another word for layers and is used with Cascading Sheet Styles (CSS). DAA
Behavior
The action an image or graphic is given when creating a dramatic web page. DAA
Bitmap
A graphic image that is composed of dots, or pixels. Web sites display bitmaps. DAA
Button
A shape or icon that can be selected and linked to another image, text, site, etc. DAA
Compression
A method of shrinking a file to be downloaded in order to reduce transmission time. DAA
Document Window
This is the Web browser's scrollable area in which HTML documents can be viewed. DAA
Domain
Similar to a street adress, servers on the Web have addresses to allow other computers to locate them electronically. DAA
DPI
Dots Per Inch specifies the resolution of an output device, such as a scanner or printer. The higher the resolution, the finer the detail of the image. DAA
Dynamic (Dynamic Content)
A web site that is altered or updated very easily and often. DAA
External Graphics Program
Image editing program such as Photoshop. DAA
GIF
Graphic Interchange Format is a common format for an image file. Usually appropriate for large, few color images. The file size of GIF's are significantly smaller than JPEG's. DAA
Gigabyte
1024 Megabytes. DAA
Gradient
A range of different color tones. The transition of one color to another. DAA
H space field
Horizontal space or width of an area. DAA
Hexidecimal Code
Six digit code that identifies RGB color. DAA
Home Page
The document displayed when you first open your Web browser, or the first page of a Web site. DAA
Hot Spot
A specified area of an image that is used as a link. DAA
HTML
HyperText Markup Language is the code language used to tag a Web document so browsing software will know how to display that document's links, text, graphics and attached media. DAA
Hyperlink
Links a web page to another web page. DAA
Hypertext Links
Highlighted and/or underlined words or images on a Web page which link that page to other related pages or files. DAA
ISP
Internet Service Provider - a company that provides you with a connection to the internet via a dial-up, broadband or wireless connection. DAA
JPEG
Joint Photographic Experts Group - an image compression format used to transfer color photographs and images over computer networks. DAA
Jump or Anchor Link
Same page links. ("Back to top"). DAA
Links
Hyper connections between Web pages. This is a synonym for hotlink or hyperlinks. DAA
Megabyte
1024 kilobytes DAA
Menus
Basic commands and options that are also found duplicated in the window, panel and inspectors of Dreamweaver. DAA
Meta-tag
HTML tags that are used to identify keywords and descriptions of the page. DAA
Multimedia
Video, animation, audio, etc. DAA
Page Properties
Displays edit attributes of any element. DAA
Pixels
Tiny solid color squares that make up a bitmap image and are a unit of measure. DAA
Property Inspector
Dialog box with options for changing the appearance of a page. DAA
RGB
Red/Green/Blue. The color makeup of all electronic screens/monitors. DAA
Rollover
Images or graphics that react when one rolls a curser over them. DAA
Root Site Folder
A file on your hard drive in which you organize all your web page components or elements. DAA
Search Engine
This term refers to a program that helps users find information in text-oriented databases. DAA
Server
A computer system that manages and delivers information for client computers. DAA
Static Website
A web site which is the same everytime you log on to it and it has little or no user interaction. DAA
Tags
Formatting codes used in HTML documents which indicate how parts of a document will appear when displayed by browser software. DAA
Terabyte
1000 gigabytes. DAA
Toolbar
Contains tools, shortcuts, and display features. DAA
Thumbnail
A small sample of a graphic image. DAA
URL
Uniform Resource Locator. Displays world wide web address, server and path to access any file.
(i.e.: www.lassencollege.edu ). DAA
V space field
Vertical space or height of an area. DAA
Web Browser
Allows a user to access and view HTML documents. (i.e.: Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Safari) DAA
Web Page
The common name for one page of information on the Web displaying documents, graphics, sound, video, etc.
An HTML document accessible on the web. DAA
Website Contents
The text and images that constitute the information on the website. These are frequently updated to suit the needs of the website owner. DAA
Posting
When a message is sent or submitted to an individual or web based bulletin board. DAA
Website Design
The visual elements that make up the theme and style of the website. DAA
Website Layout
The positioning of various elements that make a website. It is the hardest to change and thus must be settled and agreed upon early in the development process. DAA
Web Space
Refers to the area created by the World Wide Web. DAA
960 pixels
Average size of many popular websites. (Facebook-980, YouTube-961, Yahoo-973, MSN-980, Twitter-919, LinkedIn-980, Bing-970). DAA
Web Page Sizes
FIXED
Fixed-width sites will look the same on every screen, no matter how wide it is. DAA
Web Page Sizes
FLUID
Fluid sites will expand to fill the screen. DAA
Positive/Negative space
Allows your viewer a chance to rest between elements and absorb the information. DAA
Balance/Composition
Radial, Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, and Approximate balance all create a sense of organization. DAA
Shapes
Use of organic (biomorphic) or geometric shapes to define the style of the theme. DAA
Rhythm/Pattern
Repeated elements from one page to another. DAA
Value/Contrast
A variable amount of tonal shades and colors and/or the use of overlapping to create depth. DAA
Color
Representative colors will emphathise a theme, create an emotional reaction, draw the viewer in, and represent the client. DAA
Perspective
The viewpoint in which the client/consumer is seeing the given information. Use hierarchy to attract immediate viewer interest. DAA
Texture
Creating a virtual touch feeling within the background, objects, and lines placed within the composition. DAA
Imagery
Choosing the correct object/images to represent and backup your theme. DAA
Text
Choose a style or font that represents and relates to the theme and viewer. DAA
The Design Process - 1 of 6 - Research
Step 1: a.Determine parameters of assignment (audience, constraints-format, time, budget-, goals). b.Study/gather materials. c.Collect data/images. (Do NOT plagiarize) DAA
The Design Process - 2 of 6 - Thumbnail
Step 2: a.Small pencil drawings of options used in solving the problem. DAA
The Design Process - 3 of 6 - Roughs
Step 3: Select the best thumbnail and proceed with a computer-generated image. DAA
The Design Process - 4 of 6 - Comps
Step 4: Comprehensives give the appearance or idea of the final product. DAA
The Design Process - 5 of 6 - Presentation
Step 5: Group critique. DAA
The Design Process - 6 of 6 - Final
Step 6: Redo according to critique. DAA
The Design Process - Research - 1 of 3
1...Determine parameters of assignment.
a. Audience b. Constraints:format, time & budget.
c. Goals: what the product says. DAA
The Design Process - Research - 2 of 3
2...Study/gather related materials.
a. Comparisons to other products past and present. DAA
The Design Process - Research - 3 of 3
3...Collect data/images.
a. Do NOT plagiarize: it is unethical & illegal. DAA
The Design Process - Thumbnail - 1 of 5
1...Small hand drawn sketches showing the thinking, searching and sorting of ideas.
a. Indiv & group ideas - brainstorms. b. 3"-4" height c. Half a dozen ideas or variations. d. Fast, not detailed. DAA
The Design Process - Thumbnail - 2 of 5
2...Format.
a. Proportion to final format. b. Symmetry: bilateral, radial, asymmetrical. DAA
The Design Process - Thumbnail - 3 of 5
3...Color Schemes.
a. Develop a color palette. b. Based on emotion or iconic of idea/product. c. Response to viewers. DAA
The Design Process - Thumbnail - 4 of 5
4...Placement of objects.
a. Center of interest. b. Display text. c. Text blocks.
d. Elements: decorative and/or informative. DAA
The Design Process - Thumbnail - 5 of 5
5...Process of elimination.
a. Assess what works and what doesn't, and why. b. Do not reject an idea until it is drawn out. c. Ideas can be shared with client at this time. d. Cut and paste images if necessary to get across idea. DAA
The Design Process - Roughs - 1 of 2
1...Select the best thumbnail or combination of.
a. Can be directed by opinions of others/instructor/client
b. Involves considerable redefining/rethinking. DAA
The Design Process - Roughs - 2 of 2
2...Begin formal work of product.
a. Can be done on the computer. b. Incorporate exact elements: color, text, value, proportions, shapes, etc. DAA
The Design Process - Comps - 1 of 1
(Comprehensives) 1...Resembles a finished product.
a. Printed on presentation paper. b. Mounted for presentation to client/critique. c. If a three dimensional piece it will have multiples and is ready to be exhibited in various forms such as flat-layout, photographed, 3-D object. DAA
The Design Process - Presentation - 1 of 1
1...Exhibit your work to client/critique.
a. Present your work to your client in a professional manner. b.Receive final critique for changes before final mass printing. c. Extremely relevant to building client trust and your reputation as an artist/designer. DAA
The Design Process - Print Ready - 1 of 1
(Post or Upload) 1...Making your design ready for press.
a. Make any changes according to client/critique. b. Get a final approval from client. c. Develop and maintain a working relationship with print house. d. Provide print house with correct file format for printing. DAA
Acrobat
Adobe acrobat is software that creates quality, un-editable, printer friendly documents. Acrobat documents are recognized as PDF files. You can download the Acrobat PDF viewer plug-in at the Adobe website www.adobe.com DAA
Agent
Agents are search tools that automatically seek out relevant online information based on your specifications. Agents are also called intelligent agents, personal agents, knowbots or droids. DAA
Anchor
Synonymous with hyperlinks, anchor refers to non-linear links among documents. It's the word or phrase that can be selected to connect to another page or resource. (used in Dreamweaver) DAA
Anchor color
The color on screen that represents the anchor. Blue is often the default color, but it can be changed to any RGB combination. DAA
Annotations
Personal notes which can be attached to documents and saved in a Web browser. Notes are available whenever the document is viewed. DAA
Applets (APPS)
Small software applications that download with a Web document, enhancing its presentation on your screen and eliminating the need for specialized viewing software to be permanently installed on your computer. DAA
Archie
Derived from the word archive, Archie is a Net-based service that allows you to locate files that can be downloaded via FTP. (File Transfer Protocol) DAA
Archive
A directory of related information, press releases, and other data. DAA
ASCII (ask-ee)
An acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. ASCII is an international standard in which numbers, letters, punctuation marks, symbols and control codes are assigned numbers from 0 to 127. Easily transferred over networks, ASCII is a plain, unadorned text without style or font specifications. DAA
ASP
Active Server Pages is a method of generating dynamic web pages. The ASP language was developed by Microsoft. The web hosting company that hosts the site must have a Windows OS server. DAA
Asychronous Connection
The type of conection a modem makes over a phone line, the connection is NOT synchronized by a mutual timing signal or clock. DAA
AU Sounds
An audio format developed for Sun workstations and often used to distribute sound clips via the Web. DAA
Authorizing Software
Software that enables the creation of multimedia or hypertext documents and presentations. (i.e. HTML editor) DAA
Auto-responder
A handy tool which can be used for sending out automated replies to cuntomer's queries, or informal sales letters. DAA
Avatar
An interactive representation of a human virtual reality environment. Term was popularized by Neal Stephenson's novel "Snow Crash". DAA
B2B
Business-to-Business eCommerce
(i.e.: manufacturer to distributor) DAA
B2C
Business-to-Consumer eCommerce
(i.e.: distributor to comsumer, retailer to customer)
Back-End
Anything that a website visitor does not see. DAA
Bandwidth
The range of transmission frequencies a network can use. The greater the bandwidth the more information that can be transferred over that network at one time. DAA
Banner
A graphic image that is placed on a web site as an advertisement. The banner generally links to a web site that relates to the advertisement. DAA
Baseband
A transmission method in which a network uses its entire transmission range to send an individual signal. DAA
Baud
A unit of speed in data transmission, or the maximum speed at which data can be sent down a channel. Often equivalent to bits per second. DAA
BBS
Bulletin Board System.A computer equipped with software and telecommunications links that allow it to act as an information host for remote computer systems. DAA
BinHex
File conversion format that converts binary files to ASCII text files. DAA
Bit
A contraction of binary and digit, a bit is the smallest unit of information that a computer can hold.
8 bits = a byte
BPS
Bits-per-second. The speed at which bits are transmitted (bit rate). DAA
Bitmap
A graphic image composed of dots, or pixels.
(Photoshop uses bitmap, Illustrator uses vector images. DAA
Blog
A journal that is available on the web. (WebLog).
Blogging - updating a blog.
Blogger - keeps and updates the blog. DAA
Broadband
A general term for different types of high-speed, high-bandwidth connections to the Internet, including DSL, cable and wireless. DAA
Browser
A type of software that allows you to navigate information databases. (i.e.: Netscape Navigator, Microsoft Internet Explorer) DAA
Byte
The nnumber of bits used to represent a character. DAA
Captcha
A spam prevention system. Requires user to read and type a word from a distorted image. DAA
CD-ROM
Compact Disk-Read Only Memory. An optical disk from which information can be read, but not written. DAA
CD-R
Compact Disk-Recordable. A peripheral disk drive that allows the user to record content on to a blank compact disk. DAA
CGI
Common Gateway Interface. An interface that connects web sites to other software and database. DAA
Chat
A method of online communication that allows users to communicate in "real time". Information is typed. DAA
Client
A computer that has access to services over a computer network. The computer providing the services is the server. DAA
Co-location
Commonly used to refer to a server that belongs to another person or group that is connected to a high-speed internet connection. Businesses tend to choose this method of web site hosting because it is more secure and faster. DAA
Consultant
An individual who provides guidance and information to another individual. DAA
CMS
Content Management System. A system that allows easy updating of wesite content. (i.e.: WordPress, Joomla). Some CMS are custom made for more specific websites. DAA
Cookie
Small data files that are saved when viewing certain types of web sites.Cookies remember form fields, group lists, item lists and other info that is a bother to enter on one user's computer and immediately is displayed on the other user's computer. DAA
Configuration
The way your computer is set up. DAA
Configure
The act of changing software or hardware actions by changing the settings. DAA
Crawling (Indexing)
The process in which the search engines review and catalog a website. DAA
CyberMall
Commonly used to describe an electronic site shared by a number of commercial interests. DAA
CyberSpace
Used to describe the Internet and the other computer networks. DAA
Database
Collection of information categorized by specific fields. Usually searchable by keywords. DAA
Dedicated Hosting
Website owners with complete root level control over the web server. Keeps files secured from other user's, costliest form of hosting, preferred by only advanced webmasters. DAA
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, an Internet standard protocol that allows IP addresses to be pooled and assigned as needed by clients. DAA
Dial-up connection
Internet connectionfrom your computer to a host computer over a standard telephone line. No longer widely used. DAA
Direct connection
A permanent connection between a computer and the internet. (Leased-line connection) DAA
Direct Internet Access
Can be purchased through an independent local or national Internet Service Provider (ISP). DAA
Directory
A list of web sites categorized into appropriate catergories. Directories can increase your chances of being found through search engines.
DNS
Domain Name Server. A database of Internet names and addresses which translates the names to official Internet Protocol Numbers and vice versa. DAA
Document
A document is any file containing text, media or hyperlinks that can be transferred from an HTTP server to a client program. DAA
Download
To transfer to your computer a copy of a file that resides on another computer. DAA
DPI
Dots per inch specifies the resolution of an output device, such as a scanner or printer. The higher the resolution, the finer the detail of the image.
300 DPI or high for print. 72 DPI for web. DAA
DSL
A Digital Subscriber Line is a fast continuously available internet connection that uses a phone line and a DSL modem. DAA
Dynamic IP
An IP address may change each time you log on to the internet. (Amazon) DAA
EDI
Electronic Data Interchange system allows linked computers to conduct business transactions such as ordering and invoicing. DAA
External Viewer
A program used for presenting graphics, audio and video files. (i.e.: Allow viewing of GIF and JPEG files and the hearing of AU files) DAA
FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions. DAA
Firewall
Refers to security measures designed to protect a networked system from unauthorized or unwelcome access. DAA
Forms
Provide easy fill fields for collecting valuable marketing information from website traffic. DAA
Frames
A web page layout technique which divides the page into several smaller pages on one screen. Not all browser's support frames. DAA
Free Web Hosting
Cheap. Limited functionality, many ads appearing on the site. DAA
Front-end
Interface of a web site or ecommerce shop. DAA
FTP
File Transfer Protocol. Allows the transfer of files from one computer to another, or the act of transferring these files. DAA
Gateway
Hardware or software that translates between 2 dissimilar protocols.
Grayscale
A range of different shades of black. DAA
Groupware
...
GUI
...
Hardware Interface
...
Hit
...
Hotlists
...