77 terms

Executive Branch Terms

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Electoral College
body of people representing the states of the US
Kitchen Cabinet
inner circle of unofficial advisors to the presidents
White House Staff
staff to the president
Chief of Staff
senior staff officer of a service
Office of Management and Budget
largest office within the executive office of the President
National Security Council
President's principal forum for considering national security
Council of Economic Advisors
panel of 3 noted economists who advise the President on macroeconomic matters
Office of Administration
set of day-to-day activities that are related to financial planning, record keeping and billing, personnel, etc
Office of the US Trade Representative
agency responsible for developing and recommending US trade policy to the President
Executive Agency
part of a government department that is treated as managerially and budgetarily separate
Regulatory Commission
oversees the country's interstate transmission and pricing of energy sources
Government Corporation
corporation that carries out business transactions on behalf of the national government
Senior Executive Service
lead America's workforce
Domestic Policy Council
principal forum used by the President for considering domestic policy matters
Office of Homeland Security
protects the US against terrorist attacks
Peace Corps
provides technical assistance; helps the people outside the US to understand American culture
Qualification
quality that makes someone suitable for a particular job
Natural Born
having a specified innate characteristic
Residency
the fact of living in a place
Lame Duck
an official in the final period of office
Emolument
salary, fee, or profit from employment
Inauguration
ceremony to more the beginning of something
Treason
crime of betraying one's country
Bribery
the giving of a bribe
High Crime
an offense which the US Senate deems to constitute adequate grounds for removal of the president
Misdemeanor
minor wrongdoing
Public President
presidents seek to cultivate public support through speeches/media events
Private President
the notion that there are greater expectations placed on presidents
Imperial Presidency
term used to describe the modern presidency of the US
Active President
active in all affairs
Passive President
don't make a big difference
Chief Diplomat
conducts official negotiations and maintains political, economic, and social relations with other countries
Commander In-Chief
head of state in supreme command of a country's armed forces
Chief Executive
top-ranking corporate position
Chief Legislator
reviews bills and decides whether to sign them into law or veto them
Chief of State
titular head of a nation as distinct from the head of the government
Party Leader
most powerful official within a political party
Recognition
action or process of recognizing or being recognized
Summit
meeting between heads of government
Treaty
formally concluded and ratified agreement between countries
Initiated Treaty
agree to or ratify by signing
Executive Agreement
inter nation agreement made by the executive branch without ratification by senate
Doctrine
stated principle of government policy
Ambassador
accredited diplomat sent by a country as its official representative to a foreign country
Attache
person on the staff of an ambassador
Diplomatic Immunity
the privilege of exemption from certain laws
Isolationism
policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups
Espionage
the practice of spying to obtain political/military information
Covert Operations
operation that is planned as to conceal the identity of or permit plausible denial by the sponsor
Overt Operations
operation conducted openly
Sanctions
give permission or approval for
Extradition
the action of extraditing a person accused/convicted of a crime
State of the Union Address
president gives a speech on the state of the country
Special Message
distinguished message
Special Sessions
period when the body convenes outside of the normal legislative session
Veto
constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal by a law-making body
Pocket Veto
indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president
Political Horsetrading
negotiation accompanied by shrewd bargaining and reciprocal concessions
Executive Order
rule passed by the president
Executive Privilege
the privilege of withholding information in the public interest
Pardon
action of forgiving or being forgiven for an error or offense
Reprieve
to delay the impending punishment or sentence of
Amnesty
official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses
Emergency Powers
power granted to or used or taken by a public authority to meet the exigencies of a particular emergency
Impoundment Power
not spending money that has been appropriated by the US congress
Zero Based Budgeting
method of budgeting in which all expenses must be justified for each new period
Sunset Legislation
measure that provides that the law shall cease to have effect after a specific date
Congressional Power of Oversight
includes the review, monitoring, and supervision of federal agencies, programs, activities, and policy implementation
Chain of Command
official hierarchy of authority that dictates who is in charge of whom
Civil Service
permanent professional branches of a government's administration
Civil Servant
member of the civil service
Merit System
process of promoting/hiring government employees based on their ability to perform a job
Spoils System
the practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters
Tenure
conditions under which land or buildings are held or occupied
Red Tape
excessive bureaucracy or adherence to rules and formalities
Paper Shuffler
person who has a routine desk job
Whistleblower
person who informs on a person or organization engaged in an illicit activity
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