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IGCSE Theme 1 - Population and Settlement
Terms in this set (42)
Total number of people that live in the same area.
the number of births in a year for every 1,000 people in a population
the number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people in a population
How the population is made up of people of different ages, and of males and females.
Demographic Transition Model
The change in the population structure with economic development
A population structure that has a large proportion of young people (aged 0-15)
A population in which there is a high percentage of people aged over 65
A movement from one country or region to another
Factors that make people want to leave an area
Factors that attract people to move to a new location.
The number of a people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
Too few people to use resources to the full potential, so standard of living could be higher
Many people living per km2
Few people living per km2
how population is spread out in an area
Migration within a country
movement across country boundaries
Movement undertaken by choice.
The migration event in which individuals are forced to leave a country against their will.
A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster and has been legally accepted by another country
A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
Sphere of influence
The area that is served by a settlement or a service
The minimum amount of people required for a service to be offered and remain open.
The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
They are goods that cost a lot but are not bought often
One that has a higher range and higher threshold
things you want but not need and are willing to travel further for
Shops provide customers with convenience goods and services that they need daily
A good that has both a low range and low threshold
a land upon which a settlement is built
Where a settlement is located in relation to other settlements
anything that is provided in a settlement for the population, businesses and public services e.g. schools, police, hospitals
the reason or function that caused the town to grow in the first place e.g. market or port
Increase in the proportion of the countries population living in towns and cities
The physical structure of a city or urban region.
Various ways humans use the land such as agricultural, industrial, residential, or recreational
Central Business District
The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
Relating to an area where people live
an area where growing suburbs meet farmland
heavy traffic making it difficult to move around a town or city
The spread of a city into the surrounding countryside
An area within a city in a less developed country in which poeple illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
Out of town shopping centre
Major retail centres built away from city centres e.g. Old Trafford, Manchester
The process of renovating an area of a city, often by completely destroying dilapidated structures and rebuilding on the site.
an ordering of settlements by size of population