Project Management/Work Breakdown Structure

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

work breakdown structure
The key project deliverable that organizes the team's work into manageable sections.
hierarchical decomposition
The process of decomposing a system in a top-down manner.
deliverable
Outcome or product that is produced to complete a work package or project.
organizational breakdown structure
The diagram showing the responsibilities of each member for each task in a project. Used as a tool for communicating the hierarchy of the team and the reporting lines within a project.
100% rule
The design principle of a work breakdown structure which states that the total scope and all deliverables be included.
8/80 rule
The rule that states that no single element of a work breakdown structure should be less than 8 hours, or greater than 80 hours.
project scope statement
The detailed description of the project's deliverables and the work that is needed to create them.
scope baseline
One of the outputs of the WBS process which is comprised of the project scope statement, the WBS, and the WBS dictionary.
WBS dictionary
Contains a description of each element in a work breakdown structure.
work package
The lowest level of the work breakdown structure.
activity
A specified piece of work that needs to be completed. It has an expected duration, cost and requires certain resources. Also known as task.
bottom-up approach
The approach that is used to create a WBS by having team members identify as many specific tasks as possible and then grouping these tasks into larger project activities.
top-down approach
The approach that is used to create a WBS by starting with the largest deliverables of the project and breaking them down into subordinate packages.
schedule
The timeline for the project including start and end dates for project activities.
rolling wave planning
The method of planning down to the level of detail currently known and going back to plan deeper once more information is acquired.
statement of requirements
This document details the business need for the project and also describes the deliverables of the project.
risk
A potential event, occurrence or result that can have positive or negative consequences.
project scope
The amount of work involved in completing the project. Includes identifying the problem to be addressed by the project including the goals and objectives, measures of success and risks, and obstacles and assumptions that may affect the project outcome.
mind mapping
The technique used to develop a WBS through a diagram. It is used to represent concepts, ideas, tasks or other items linked to a central theme.
organizational process assets
The organization's plans, processes, policies, procedures and knowledge used in the management of the project.